[:it] Elenco Piante Officinali P, Q, R [:en] List of Officinal Plants P, Q, R [:es] Lista de plantas oficiales P, Q, R [:]

[:it]

Elenco Piante Officinali P, Q, R

Descrizione e normativa

Lettera A
Lettera B e C
– Lettera D, E, F, G e H
– Lettera I, J, K, L, M, N e O
– Lettera S, T, U, V, W, X, Y e Z

Lettera P – Q – R

Pachira aquatica Aubl. – Castagno del Malabar – semi e foglie
Pachira insignis (Sw.) Savigny – Castagno della Guyana – foglie
Paeonia lactiflora Pall. – Peonia cinese – seme e radice
Paeonia officinalis L., 1753 – Peonia selvatica – fiori e radici
Palmaria palmata (L.) F. Weber & D.Mohr – Dulse – tallo
Panax ginseng C. A. Mey. – Ginseng – foglie e radici
Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F.H.Chen – Ginseng cinese – foglie e radici
Panax pseudoginseng Wall. – Ginseng himalayano – foglie e radici
Panax quinquefolius L. – Ginseng americano – foglie e radici
Panicum miliaceum, L. – Miglio – frutti
Panzerina lanata (L.) Soják – Panzerina lanata – erba
Papaver rhoeas L. – Papavero comune – fiori, semi, foglie
Parietaria officinalis L. – Erba vetriola – erba
Parmelia saxatilis (L.) Ach. 1803 – Lichene a scudo salato – tallo
Parthenium hysterophorus L. – Erba amara – erba
Passiflora edulis Sims, 1818 – Frutto della passione – erba, frutti
Passiflora incarnata L., 1753 – Frutto della passione – erba e fiori
Pastinaca sativa L. – Pastinaca – tuberi, erba
Paullinia cupana Kunth. – Guaranà – semi
Pedalium murex L. – Pedalium – frutti, sementi e foglie
Pedicularis palustris L., 1753 – Pedicolare palustre – erba
Pedilanthus pavonis boiss. (Euphorbia bracteata Jacq.) – Pianta pantofola – foglie
Pelargonium graveolens, L’Hér., 1789 – Malvarosa – fiori e foglie
Pelargonium radens H.E.Moore, 1955 – Geranio a foglia ruvida – fiori e foglie
Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton – Basilico cinese – semi, foglie ed olio
Persea americana Mill. – Avocado – frutti
Petiveria alliacea L. – Petiveria – foglie, radici
Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Fuss, 1866 – Prezzemolo – radici, foglie, sommità, frutti
Peucedanum officinale L. – Imperatoria finocchio porcino – radici
Peucedanum oreoselinum Moenc. (Oreoselinum nigrum Delarbre) – Prezzemolo di monte – radici
Peucedanum ostruthium (L.) W.D.J.Koch, 1824 – Imperatoria – rizoma
Peumus boldus Molina – Boldo – corteccia, foglie
Pfaffia paniculata (Mart.) Kuntze (Hebanthe eriantha (Poir.) Pedersen) – Pfaffia – radice
Phaseolus vulgaris L., 1758 – Fagiolo comune – frutti e semi
Phillyrea latifolia L. – Olivastro – foglie
Phoenix dactylifera L., 1753 – Palma da datteri – frutti
Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. – Cannuccia di palude – radice
Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn. – Fillanto amaro – sommità
Phyllanthus emblica L. – Amalaki – frutti
Phyllanthus niruri L. – Fillanto – foglie, erba
Phyllitis scolopendrium (L.) Newman, 1844 – Scolopendria comune – foglie, erba
Physalis alkekengi L. – Alkekengi –  frutti
Physalis peruviana L. – Alchechengi del Perù – frutti
Picramnia antidesma Sw. – Picramnia – corteccia
Picrasma excelsa (Sw.) Planch. – Quassia giamaicana – corteccia, legno
Picrasma quassioides (D. Don) Benn. – Quassia orientale – corteccia, legno
Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth. – Katuka – rizoma
Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr. – Pimento – frutti
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) J. W. Moore – Alloro indiano occidentale – frutti, foglie, olio essenziale
Pimpinella anisum L. – Anice comune – frutti, olio essenziale
Pimpinella major (L.) Huds. – Tragoselino maggiore – radice
Pimpinella saxifraga L. – Tragoselino comune – erba, radice, rizoma
Pinckneya pubens Michaux – Corteccia della Georgia – corteccia
Pinus koraiensis Siebold & Zucc., 1842 – Pino coreano – semi, olio
Pinus massoniana Lamb. – Pino rosso cinese – semi, gemme, foglie, olio essenziale, corteccia
Pinus mugo Turra, 1764 – Pino mugo – gemme, olio essenziale
Pinus pinea L. – Pino domestico – semi, corteccia
Pinus pinaster Aiton, 1789 – Pino marittimo – corteccia, semi, gemme, foglie, olio essenziale
Pinus sylvestris L., 1753 – Pino silvestre – frutti, gemme, foglie, olio essenziale
Piper angustifolium Rulz-Pav. (Piper aduncum L.) – Matico – foglie
Piper cubeba L. – Cubebe – frutti
Piper longum L. – Pepe lungo – frutti
Piper nigrum L. – Pepe – frutti, oleoresina, olio
Pistacia vera L. – Pistacchio – frutti
Pistacia lentiscus, L. 1753 – Lentisco – resina, radice
Pistacia terebinthus L.  – Terebinto – corteccia
Pisum sativum L., 1753 – Pisello – frutti, baccelli
Pithecellobium avaremotemo Mart. (Abarema cochliocarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J.W.Grimes) – Barbatimão – corteccia
Plantago afra L. – Psillio – semi
Plantago arenaria Poiret (Plantago indica L.) – Piantaggine ramosa – semi
Plantago lanceolata L., 1753 – Piantaggine lanciuola – foglie, erba, fiori
Plantago major L., 1753 – Piantaggine maggiore – foglie, erba, fiori, semi
Plantago media L., 1753 – Piantaggine pelosa – foglie, erba
Plantago ovata Forssk. – Piantaggine ovata – semi, tegumento dei semi
Platanus orientalis L. – Platano orientale – gemme
Plectranthus barbatus Andrews (Coleus barbatus (Andrews) Benth. ex G. Don;) – Coleo dell’India – foglie, radici, tuberi
Pleurotus ostreatus Jacq. – Gelone – sporoforo
Plumbago europaea L. – Caprinella – erba, radice
Polygala amara L. – Poligala amara – erba, fiori, radici
Polygala vulgaris L. – Poligala comune – erba, radici
Polygonum aviculare L., 1753 – Corregiola – erba
Polygonum bistorta L. (Bistorta officinalis Delarbre) – Bistorta medicinale – erba, radice, rizoma
Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc. (Reynoutria japonica Houtt.) – Poligono giapponese – radice
Polygonum dumetorum L. (Fallopia dumetorum (L.) Holub) – Poligono delle siepi – erba
Polygonum hydropiper L. (Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Delabre 1800) – Poligono pepe d’acqua – erba
Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (Reynoutria multiflora (Thunb.) Moldenke) – Poligono multifloro – corteccia, rizoma, radice
Polygonum persicaria L. (Persicaria maculosa (Raf.) S.F. Gray, 1821) – Poligono persicaria – foglie, erba
Polypodium calaguala Ruiz. (Campyloneurum angustifolium (Sw.) Fée 1852) – Felce a foglie strette – radice, rizoma
Polypodium leucotomos L. (Phlebodium aureum (L.) J.Sm.) – Polipodio dorato – sommità, rizoma
Polytrichum commune Hedwig, 1801 – Politrico comune – erba
Polyporus umbellatus (Pers.) Fr. (1821) – Poliporo ad ombrello – sporoforo
Populus alba L., 1753 – Pioppo bianco – corteccia, gemme, foglie
Populus balsamifera L., 1753 – Pioppo balsamico – corteccia, gemme, foglie
Populus nigra L., 1753 – Pioppo nero – corteccia, gemme, foglie, legno
Populus tremuloides Michx., 1753 – Pioppo tremulo americano – corteccia, foglie, gemme
Poria cocos F. A. Wolf (Wolfiporia extensa (Peck) Ginns 1984) – Poria cocos – sclerozio
Porphyra tenera Kjellman (Neopyropia tenera (Kjellman) L.-E.Yang & J.Brodie, 2020) – Alga nori – tallo
Porphyra umbilicalis Kützing, 1843 – Alga nori – tallo
Portulaca oleracea L. – Porcellana comune – erba, foglie, radici
Potentilla anserina L. (Argentina anserina (L.) Rydb.) – Cinquefoglia pié d’oca – rizoma, erba, fiori
Potentilla argentea L. – Cinquefoglia argentata – rizoma erba e fiori
Potentilla erecta (L.) Raeuschel, 1797 – Cinquefoglia tormetilla – rizoma, erba
Potentilla reptans L., 1753 – Cinquefoglia comune – rizoma
Poterium spinosum L. (Sarcopoterium spinosum (L.) Spach) – Spinaporci – corteccia della radice
Prangos pabularia Lindl. – Basilisco dei prati – frutti
Primula elatior (L.) Hill., 1765 – Primula maggiore –  fiori e radici
Primula veris, L., 1753 – Primula odorosa – fiori, radici
Primula vulgaris Huds., 1762 – Primula comune – fiori, foglie e radici
Protium guianense (Aubl.) Marchand – Albero dell’incenso – resina
Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand – Almécega – resina, legno
Protium icicariba (DC.) Marchand – Icica icicariba – resina
Prunella vulgaris L., 1753 – Brunella – foglie, fiori ed erba
Prunus armeniaca L. – Albicocco – olio
Prunus cerasus L., 1753 – Amareno – peduncoli
Prunus domestica L., 1753 – Prugno europeo – frutti, gemme
Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A.Webb, 1967 – Mandorlo – frutti, olio, gemme
Prunus laurocerasus L. – Lauroceraso – semi, frutti
Prunus mahaleb L., 1753 – Ciliegio canino – seme
Prunus padus L. – Pado – corteccia
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch – Pesco – corteccia, fiori, foglie
Prunus serotina Ehrh. – Ciliegio tardivo – corteccia, foglie
Prunus spinosa L. – Prugnolo selvatico – fiori, foglie, frutti, succo, gemme
Pseudowintera colorata (Raoul) Dandy – Albero del pepe – foglie, corteccia
Psidium araca Raddi. (Psidium cattleyanum Sabine, 1821) – Guayaba peruana – corteccia, foglie, frutti, radici
Psidium guajava L., 1753 – Guaiava – foglie
Pterocarpus draco L . (Pterocarpus officinalis Jacq.) – Albero del sangue di drago – resina
Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir. – Kino africano – estratti della corteccia
Pterocarpus indicus Willd. – Amboina – legno
Pterocarpus marsupium Roxburgh – Kino indiano – estratti della corteccia, legno
Pterocarpus santalinus L. f. – Sandalo rosso – legno
Ptychopetalum olacoides Benth. – Muira Puama – corteccia, radice, legno

Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi. (Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr.) – Kudzu – rizoma, radice
Pueraria tuberosa (Willd.) DC. – Kudzu indiano – rizoma
Pulmonaria officinalis L., 1753 – Polmonaria maggiore – foglie, erba e fiori
Punica granatum, L. – Melograno – fruttim perciarpo, fiori, semi
Pyrola rotundifolia L. – Piroletta a foglie rotonde – foglie
Pyrus communis L. – Pero comune – foglie
Pyrus sorbus Gaertn. (Sorbus domestica L.) – Sorbo domestico – gemma
Quassia amara L. – Quassia – legno
Quercus alba L. – Quercia bianca – corteccia, frutti, legno
Quercus coccifera L., 1753 – Quercia spinosa – corteccia
Quercus ilex L., 1753 – Leccio – frutti, legno, germogli
Quercus infectoria Olivier, 1801 – Quercia della galla – galla
Quercus petraea (Mattuschka) Liebl. – Rovere – foglie, semi
Quercus pubescens Willd., 1805 – Roverella – corteccia
Quercus robur L. – Farnia – corteccia, foglie, semi, legno, galle, gemme
Quercus suber L. – Quercia da sughero – corteccia
Quillaja saponaria Molina – Legno di Panama – corteccia
Raphanus sativus L., 1753 – Ravanello comune – seme, radice
Raphia pedunculata Beauv. (Raphia farinifera (Gaertn.) Hyl.) – Palma rafia – amido
Ravensara aromatica Sonn. – Ravensara aromatica – frutti
Rhamnus alpinus L. (Atadinus alpinus (L.) Raf.) – Ranno alpino – corteccia, frutto
Rhamnus alpinus L. Ssp Fallax M. et P. (Atadinus fallax (Boiss.) Hauenschild) – Ranno fallace – corteccia, frutti
Rhamnus cathartica L., 1753 – Spino cervino – corteccia, frutti immaturi
Rhamnus frangula L., 1753 – Frangola – corteccia
Rhamnus purshiana DC (Frangula purshiana (DC.) A.Gray ex J.G.Cooper) – Cascara sagrada – corteccia
Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) Steud. – Digitale cinese – radice
Rheum emodi Wall. (Rheum australe D.Don) – Rabarbaro himalayano – radice, rizoma
Rheum officinale L. – Rabarbaro officinale – radice, rizoma
Rheum palmatum L., 1759 – Rabarbaro cinese – radice, rizoma
Rheum rhaponticum L. – Rabarbaro rapontico – radice, rizoma
Rheum undulatum L. (Rheum rhabarbarum L.) – Rabarbaro comune – radice, rizoma
Rhodiola crenulata (Hook.f. & Thomson) H.Ohba – Rodiola crenulata – radice
Rhodiola rosea L., 1753 – Rodiola rosa – radice
Rhodymenia palmata (L.) Greville (Palmaria palmata (L.) F. Weber & D.Mohr) – Dulse – tallo
Rhus aromatica Aiton, 1789 – Sommacco aromatico – corteccia di radice
Rhus coriaria L. – Sommacco siciliano – foglie
Rhus glabra L. – Sommacco liscio – frutti
Ribes nigrum L. – Ribes nero – foglie, frutti, fiori, semi, olio, gemme
Ribes rubrum L. – Ribes rosso – foglie
Ribes uva-crispa L. – Uva spina – foglie, frutti
Robinia pseudoacacia L. – Robinia – fiori
Roccella tinctoria DC. – Roccella tintoria – tallo
Rhododendron ferrugineum L. – Rododendro rosso – foglie
Rosa canina L., 1753 – Rosa canina – frutto, falso frutto, giovani getti
Rosa × centifolia L. – Rosa centifoglia – fiori, olio essenziale
Rosa gallica L. – Rosa serpeggiante – frutti, fiori
Rosa moschata Herrm. – Rosa muschiata – olio essenziale
Rosmarinus officinalis, L., 1753 – Rosmarino – olio essenziale, foglie, giovani getti
Rubia cordifolia L. – Robbia indiana – radici, rizomi
Rubus caesius L. – Rovo bluastro – frutti, giovani getti
Rubus fruticosus L. – Rovo comune – foglie, frutti, giovani getti
Rubus idaeus L., 1753 – Lampone – foglie, frutti, giovani getti
Rubus suavissimus S. Lee (Rubus chingii, Hu) – Tè dolce cinese – foglie, frutti
Rumex acetosa L. – Acetosa – pianta, radici e foglie
Rumex acetosella L. – Romice acetosella – pianta, radici e foglie
Rumex acutus L. (Rumex conglomeratus Murray) – Romice conglomerato – radici e foglie
Rumex alpinus L. – Rabarbaro alpino – pianta, radici e rizoma
Rumex crispus L. – Romice crespa – foglie, radici e rizoma
Rumex longifolius DC. – Romice a foglie lunghe – radici, foglie
Rumex obtusifolius L. – Romice comune – radici
Rumex patientia L. – Romice erba pazienza – pianta e radice
Rumex sanguineus L. – Romice sanguineo – radice
Rumex scutatus L. – Romice scudato – foglie
Ruscus aculeatus L. – Pungitopo – radici e rizoma
Ruscus hypoglossum L., 1753 – Ruscolo maggiore – foglie, rizoma e radici

Guido Bissanti





[:en]

List of Officinal Plants P, Q, R

Description and regulations

Letter A
Letter B and C
– Letter D, E, F, G and H
– Letter I, J, K, L, M, N and O
– Letter S, T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z

Letter P – Q – R

Pachira aquatica Aubl. – Malabar chestnut – seeds and leaves
Pachira insignis (Sw.) Savigny – Guyana chestnut – leaves
Paeonia lactiflora Pall. – Chinese peony – seed and root
Paeonia officinalis L., 1753 – Common peony – flowers and roots
Palmaria palmata (L.) F. Weber & D. Mohr – Dulse – thallus
Panax ginseng C. A. Mey. – Ginseng – leaves and roots
Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F.H.Chen – Chinese ginseng – leaves and roots
Panax pseudoginseng Wall. – Himalayan ginseng – leaves and roots
Panax quinquefolius L. – American ginseng – leaves and roots
Panicum miliaceum, L. – Millet – fruits
Panzerina lanata (L.) Soják – Panzerina lanata – grass
Papaver rhoeas L. – Common poppy – flowers, seeds, leaves
Parietaria officinalis L. – Eastern pellitory-of-the-wall – grass
Parmelia saxatilis (L.) Ach. 1803 – Salt shield lichen – thallus
Parthenium hysterophorus L. – Parthenium weed – grass
Passiflora edulis Sims, 1818 – Passion fruit – grass, fruits
Passiflora incarnata L., 1753 – Maypop – grass and flowers
Pastinaca sativa L. – Parsnip – tubers, grass
Paullinia cupana Kunth. – Guarana – seeds
Pedalium murex L. – Pedalium – fruits, seeds and leaves
Pedicularis palustris L., 1753 – Marsh lousewort – grass
Pedilanthus pavonis boiss. (Euphorbia bracteata Jacq.) – Slipper plant – leaves
Pelargonium graveolens, L’Hér., 1789 – Rose geranium – flowers and leaves
Pelargonium radens H.E. Moore, 1955 – Rasp-leaf pelargonium – flowers and leaves
Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton – Korean perilla – seeds, leaves and oil
Persea americana Mill. – Avocado – fruits
Petiveria alliacea L. – Guinea Hen Weed – leaves, roots
Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Fuss, 1866 – Parsley – roots, leaves, tops, fruits
Peucedanum officinale L. – Sulphurweed – roots
Peucedanum oreoselinum Moenc. (Oreoselinum nigrum Delarbre) – Mountain parsley – roots
Peucedanum ostruthium (L.) W.D.J. Koch, 1824 – Masterwort – rhizome
Peumus boldus Molina – Boldo – bark, leaves
Pfaffia paniculata (Mart.) Kuntze (Hebanthe eriantha (Poir.) Pedersen) – Pfaffia – root
Phaseolus vulgaris L., 1758 – Common bean – fruits and seeds
Phillyrea latifolia L. – Green olive tree – leaves
Phoenix dactylifera L., 1753 – Date palm – fruits
Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. – Common reed – root
Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn. – Gale of the wind – top
Phyllanthus emblica L. – Emblic – fruits
Phyllanthus niruri L. – Gale of the wind – leaves, grass
Phyllitis scolopendrium (L.) Newman, 1844 – Hart’s Tongue Fern – leaves, grass
Physalis alkekengi L. – Bladder cherry – fruits
Physalis peruviana L. – Goldenberry – fruits
Picramnia antidesma Sw. – Simaruba bark – bark
Picrasma excelsa (Sw.) Planch. – Jamaican quassia – bark, wood
Picrasma quassioides (D. Don) Benn. – Nigaki – bark, wood
Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth. – Katuka – rhizome
Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr. – Allspice – fruits
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) J. W. Moore – Bay Rum Tree – fruits, leaves, essential oil
Pimpinella anisum L. – Common anise – fruits, essential oil
Pimpinella major (L.) Huds. – Greater burnet-saxifrage – root
Pimpinella saxifraga L. – Burnet Saxifrage – grass, root, rhizome
Pinckneya pubens Michaux – Georgia bark – bark
Pinus koraiensis Siebold & Zucc., 1842 – Korean nute pine – seeds, oil
Pinus masoniana Lamb. – Chinese red pine – seeds, buds, leaves, essential oil, bark
Pinus mugo Turra, 1764 – Bog pine – gems, essential oil
Pinus pinea L. – Stone pine – seeds, bark
Pinus pinaster Aiton, 1789 – Maritime pine – bark, seeds, buds, leaves, essential oil
Pinus sylvestris L., 1753 – Scots pine – fruits, buds, leaves, essential oil
Piper angustifolium Rulz-Pav. (Piper aduncum L.) – Spiked pepper – leaves
Piper cubeba L. – Cubeb – fruits
Piper longum L. – Long pepper – fruits
Piper nigrum L. – Pepper – fruits, oleoresin, oil
Pistacia vera – L. – Pistachio – fruits
Pistacia lentiscus, L. 1753 – Lentisk – resin, root
Pistacia terebinthus L. – Terebinth – bark
Pisum sativum L., 1753 – Pea – fruits, pods
Pithecellobium avaremotemo Mart. (Abarema cochliocarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J.W.Grimes) – Barbatimão – bark
Plantago afra L. – Glandular Plantain – seeds
Plantago arenaria Poiret (Plantago indica L.) – Branched Plantain – seeds
Plantago lanceolata L., 1753 – Ribwort plantain – leaves, grass, flowers
Plantago major L., 1753 – Common plantain – leaves, grass, flowers, seeds
Plantago media L., 1753 – Hoary plantain – leaves, grass
Plantago ovata Forssk. – Blond plantain – seeds, seed integument
Platanus orientalis L. – Old World sycamore – buds
Plectranthus barbatus Andrews (Coleus barbatus (Andrews) Benth. Ex G. Don;) – Indian coleus – leaves, roots, tubers
Pleurotus ostreatus Jacq. – Oyster mushroom – sporophore
Plumbago europaea L. – Common leadwort – herb, root
Polygala amara L. – Common milkwort – grass, flowers, roots
Polygala vulgaris L. – Common polygala – grass, roots
Polygonum aviculare L., 1753 – Common knotgrass – grass
Polygonum bistorta L. (Bistorta officinalis Delarbre) – Bistort – herb, root, rhizome
Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc. (Reynoutria japonica Houtt.) – Japanese Knotweed – root
Polygonum dumetorum L. (Fallopia dumetorum (L.) Holub) – Copse bindweed – grass
Polygonum hydropiper L. (Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Delabre 1800) – Water pepper – grass
Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (Reynoutria multiflora (Thunb.) Moldenke) – Tuber fleeceflower – bark, rhizome, root
Polygonum persicaria L. (Persicaria maculosa (Raf.) S.F. Gray, 1821) – Red leg – leaves, grass
Polypodium calaguala Ruiz. (Campyloneurum angustifolium (Sw.) Fée 1852) – Narrow-leaf strap fern – root, rhizome
Polypodium leucotomos L. (Phlebodium aureum (L.) J.Sm.) – Golden polypody – top, rhizome
Polytrichum commune Hedwig, 1801 – Common haircap moss – grass
Polyporus umbellatus (Pers.) Fr. (1821) – Lumpy bracket – sporophore
Populus alba L., 1753 – Silver poplar – bark, buds, leaves
Populus balsamifera L., 1753 – Balsam poplar – bark, buds, leaves
Populus nigra L., 1753 – Black poplar – bark, buds, leaves, wood
Populus tremuloides Michx., 1753 – Quaking aspen – bark, leaves, buds
Poria cocos F. A. Wolf (Wolfiporia extensa (Peck) Ginns 1984) – Poria cocos – sclerotium
Porphyra tenera Kjellman (Neopyropia tenera (Kjellman) L.-E.Yang & J.Brodie, 2020) – Nori seaweed – thallus
Porphyra umbilicalis Kützing, 1843 – Nori seaweed – thallus
Portulaca oleracea L. – Common purslane – grass, leaves, roots
Potentilla anserina L. (Argentina anserina (L.) Rydb.) – Silverweed – rhizome, grass, flowers
Potentilla argentea L. – Hoary cinquefoil – grass and flower rhizome
Potentilla erecta (L.) Raeuschel, 1797 – Tormentil – rhizome, herb
Potentilla reptans L., 1753 – Creeping cinquefoil – rhizome
Poterium spinosum L. (Sarcopoterium spinosum (L.) Spach) – Thorny Burnet – root bark
Prangos pabularia Lindl. – Meadow basilisk – fruits
Primula elatior (L.) Hill., 1765 – Oxlip – flowers and roots
Primula veris, L., 1753 – Cowslip – flowers, roots
Primula vulgaris Huds., 1762 – Common primrose – flowers, leaves and roots
Protium guianense (Aubl.) Marchand – Bois D’encens – resin
Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand – Almécega – resin, wood
Protium icicariba (DC.) Marchand – Icica icicariba – resin
Prunella vulgaris L., 1753 – Common self-heal – leaves, flowers and grass
Prunus armeniaca L. – Apricot – oil
Prunus cerasus L., 1753 – Sour cherry – peduncles
Prunus domestica L., 1753 – European plum – fruits, buds
Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A.Webb, 1967 – Almond – fruits, oil, buds
Prunus laurocerasus L. – Cherry laurel – seeds, fruits
Prunus mahaleb L., 1753 – Mahaleb cherry – seed
Prunus padus L. – Bird Cherry – bark
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch – Peach tree – bark, flowers, leaves
Prunus serotina Ehrh. – Black cherry – bark, leaves
Prunus spinosa L. – Blackthorn – flowers, leaves, fruits, juice, buds
Pseudowintera colorata (Raoul) Dandy – Mountain horopito – leaves, bark
Psidium araca Raddi. (Psidium cattleyanum Sabine, 1821) – Cattley guava – bark, leaves, fruits, roots
Psidium guajava L., 1753 – Common guava – leaves
Pterocarpus draco L. (Pterocarpus officinalis Jacq.) – Dragonsblood tree – resin
Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir. – African Kino – extracts of the bark
Pterocarpus indicus Willd. – Amboyna wood – wood
Pterocarpus marsupium Roxburgh – Indian Kino – extracts of the bark, wood
Pterocarpus santalinus L.f. – Red sanders – wood
Ptychopetalum olacoides Benth. – Muira Puama – bark, root, wood

Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi. (Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr.) – Kudzu vine – rhizome, root
Pueraria tuberosa (Willd.) DC. – Indian kudzu – rhizome
Pulmonaria officinalis L., 1753 – Lungwort – leaves, grass and flowers
Punica granatum, L. – Pomegranate – fruit perciarpo, flowers, seeds
Pyrola rotundifolia L. – Round-leaved Wintergreen – leaves
Pyrus communis L. – Common pear – leaves
Pyrus sorbus Gaertn. (Sorbus domestica L.) – Service tree – bud
Quassia amara L. – Bitterwood – wood
Quercus alba L. – White oak – bark, fruit, wood
Quercus coccifera L., 1753 – Kermes oak – bark
Quercus ilex L., 1753 – Evergreen oak – fruits, wood, sprouts
Quercus infectoria Olivier, 1801 – Aleppo oak – galla
Quercus petraea (Mattuschka) Liebl. – Sessile oak – leaves, seeds
Quercus pubescens Willd., 1805 – Downy oak – bark
Quercus robur L. – English oak – bark, leaves, seeds, wood, galls, buds
Quercus suber L. – Cork oak – bark
Quillaja saponaria Molina – Soap-Bark Tree – bark
Raphanus sativus L., 1753 – Common radish – seed, root
Raphia pedunculata Beauv. (Raphia farinifera (Gaertn.) Hyl.) – Raffia palm – starch
Ravensara aromatica Sonn. – Madagascar Clove – fruits
Rhamnus alpinus L. (Atadinus alpinus (L.) Raf.) – Alpine ramno – bark, fruit
Rhamnus alpinus L. Ssp Fallax M. et P. (Atadinus fallax (Boiss.) Hauenschild) – Ramno fallacious – bark, fruits
Rhamnus cathartica L., 1753 – European buckthorn – bark, unripe fruit
Rhamnus frangula L., 1753 – Alder buckthorn – bark
Rhamnus purshiana DC (Frangula purshiana (DC.) A.Gray ex J.G.Cooper) – Cascara sagrada – bark
Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) Steud. – Chinese Foxglove – root
Rheum emodi Wall. (Rheum australe D. Don) – Himalayan rhubarb – root, rhizome
Rheum officinale L. – Chinese rhubarb – root, rhizome
Rheum palmatum L., 1759 – Turkey Rhubarb – root, rhizome
Rheum rhaponticum L. – False rhubarb – root, rhizome
Rheum undulatum L. (Rheum rhabarbarum L.) – Common rhubarb – root, rhizome
Rhodiola crenulata (Hook.f. & Thomson) H. Ohba – Rhodiola crenulata – root
Rhodiola rosea L., 1753 – Golden root – root
Rhodymenia palmata (L.) Greville (Palmaria palmata (L.) F. Weber & D. Mohr) – Dulse – thallus
Rhus aromatica Aiton, 1789 – Fragrant sumac – root bark
Rhus coriaria L. – Sicilian sumac – leaves
Rhus glabra L. – Smooth sumac – fruits
Ribes nigrum L. – Black currant – leaves, fruits, flowers, seeds, oil, buds
Ribes rubrum L. – Red currant – leaves
Ribes uva-crispa L. – European gooseberry – leaves, fruits
Robinia pseudoacacia L. – Black locust – flowers
Roccella tinctoria DC. – Roccella tintoria – thallus
Rhododendron ferrugineum L. – Alpenrose – leaves
Rosa canina L., 1753 – Dog rose – fruit, false fruit, young shoots
Rosa × centifolia L. – Provence Rose – flowers, essential oil
Rosa gallica L. – Gallic rose – fruits, flowers
Rosa moschata Herrm. – Musk rose – essential oil
Rosmarinus officinalis, L., 1753 – Rosemary – essential oil, leaves, young shoots
Rubia cordifolia L. – Indian madder – roots, rhizomes
Rubus caesius L. – European dewberry – fruits, young shoots
Rubus fruticosus L. – European blackberry – leaves, fruits, young shoots
Rubus idaeus L., 1753 – Raspberry – leaves, fruits, young shoots
Rubus suavissimus S. Lee (Rubus chingii, Hu) – Tiancha – leaves, fruits
Rumex acetosa L. – Red sorrel – plant, roots and leaves
Rumex acetosella L. – Sheeps sorrel – plant, roots and leaves
Rumex acutus L. (Rumex conglomeratus Murray) – Sharp dock – roots and leaves
Rumex alpinus L. – Alpine dock – plant, roots and rhizome
Rumex crispus L. – Curly dock – leaves, roots and rhizome
Rumex longifolius DC. – Dooryard dock – roots, leaves
Rumex obtusifolius L. – Bitter dock – roots
Rumex patientia L. – Patience dock – plant and root
Rumex sanguineus L. – Wood dock – root
Rumex scutatus L. – French sorrel – leaves
Ruscus aculeatus L. – Butcher’s broom – roots and rhizome
Ruscus hypoglossum L., 1753 – Spineless butcher’s-broom – leaves, rhizome and roots

Guido Bissanti





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Lista de plantas oficiales P, Q, R

Descripción y normativa

Letra A
Letra B y C
– Letra D, E, F, G y H
– Letra I, J, K, L, M, N y O
– Letra S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, y Z

Letra P – Q – R

Pachira aquatica Aubl. – Castaño de Malabar – semillas y hojas
Pachira insignis (Sw.) Savigny – Castaño de Guyana – hojas
Paeonia lactiflora Pall. – Peonía china – semilla y raíz
Paeonia officinalis L., 1753 – Cebolla chilre – flores y raíces
Palmaria palmata (L.) F. Weber & D. Mohr – Dulse – talo
Panax ginseng C. A. Mey. – Ginseng – hojas y raíces
Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F.H.Chen – Ginseng chino – hojas y raíces
Panax pseudoginseng Wall. – Ginseng del Himalaya – hojas y raíces
Panax quinquefolius L.- Ginseng americano – hojas y raíces
Panicum miliaceum, L.- Mijo – frutos
Panzerina lanata (L.) Soják – Panzerina lanata – césped
Papaver rhoeas L.- Amapola silvestre – flores, semillas, hojas
Parietaria officinalis L. – Hierba del muro – hierba
Parmelia saxatilis (L.) Ach. 1803 – Liquen escudo de sal – talo
Parthenium hysterophorus L.- Botonera – hierba
Passiflora edulis Sims, 1818 – Maracuyá – hierba, frutas
Passiflora incarnata L., 1753 – Flores de la pasión – hierba y flores
Pastinaca sativa L. – Chirivía – tubérculos, hierba
Paullinia cupana Kunth. – Guaraná – semillas
Pedalium murex L. – Pedalium – frutos, semillas y hojas
Pedicularis palustris L., 1753 – Pedicular de pantano – hierba
Pedilanthus pavonis boiss. (Euphorbia bracteata Jacq.) – Planta zapatilla – hojas
Pelargonium graveolens, L’Hér., 1789 – Geranio rosa – flores y hojas
Pelargonium radens H.E. Moore, 1955 – Geranio de hojas rugosas – flores y hojas
Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton – Perilla – semillas, hojas y aceite
Persea americana Mill. – Aguacate – frutas
Petiveria alliacea L.- Petiveria – hojas, raíces
Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Fuss, 1866 – Perejil – raíces, hojas, copas, frutos
Peucedanum officinale L. – Aperauchi pequeño – raíces
Peucedanum oreoselinum Moenc. (Oreoselinum nigrum Delarbre) – Perejil de montaña – Raíces
Peucedanum ostruthium (L.) W.D.J. Koch, 1824 – Imperatoria – rizoma
Peumus boldus Molina – Boldo – corteza, hojas
Pfaffia paniculata (Mart.) Kuntze (Hebanthe eriantha (Poir.) Pedersen) – Pfaffia – raíz
Phaseolus vulgaris L., 1758 – Frijol – frutos y semillas
Phillyrea latifolia L. – Abiérnago de hoja – hojas
Phoenix dactylifera L., 1753 – Palmera datilera – frutos
Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. – Carrizo – raíz
Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn. – Fillanthus amargo – parte superior
Phyllanthus emblica L. – Grosellero de la India – frutas
Phyllanthus niruri L.- Fillanthus – hojas, hierba
Phyllitis scolopendrium (L.) Newman, 1844 – Lengua de ciervo – hojas, hierba
Physalis alkekengi L. – Bufeta de gos – frutas
Physalis peruviana L. – Uchuva – frutas
Picramnia antidesma Sw. – Simaruba – corteza
Picrasma excelsa (Sw.) Planch. – Cuasia jamaicense – corteza, madera
Picrasma quassioides (D. Don) Benn. – Nigaki – corteza, madera
Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth. – Katuka – rizoma
Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr. – Pimienta de Jamaica – frutas
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) J. W. Moore – Malagueta – frutos, hojas, aceite esencial
Pimpinella anisum L. – Anís común – frutas, aceite esencial
Pimpinella major (L.) Huds. – Pimpinela negra – raíz
Pimpinella saxifraga L. – Pimpinela saxífraga – hierba, raíz, rizoma
Pinckneya pubens Michaux – corteza de Georgia – corteza
Pinus koraiensis Siebold & Zucc., 1842 – Pino de Corea – semillas, aceite
Pinus masoniana Lamb. – Pino rojo chino – semillas, brotes, hojas, aceite esencial, corteza
Pinus mugo Turra, 1764 – Pino negro – gemas, aceite esencial
Pinus pinea L.- Pino piñonero – semillas, corteza
Pinus pinaster Aiton, 1789 – Pino marítimo – corteza, semillas, brotes, hojas, aceite esencial
Pinus sylvestris L., 1753 – Pino silvestre – frutos, brotes, hojas, aceite esencial
Piper angustifolium Rulz-Pav. (Piper aduncum L.) – Matico – hojas
Piper cubeba L. – Cubeba – frutas
Piper longum L.- Pimienta larga – frutas
Piper nigrum L.- Pimienta – frutos, oleorresina, aceite
Pistacia vera – L. – Pistacho – frutas
Pistacia lentiscus, L.1753 – Lentisco – resina, raíz
Pistacia terebinthus L. – Cornicabra – corteza
Pisum sativum L., 1753 – Guisante – frutos, vainas
Pithecellobium avaremotemo Mart. (Abarema cochliocarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J.W.Grimes) – Barbatimão – corteza
Plantago afra L. – Zaragatona – semillas
Plantago arenaria Poiret (Plantago indica L.) – Psilio francés – semillas
Plantago lanceolata L., 1753 – Llantén menor – hojas, hierba, flores
Plantago major L., 1753 – Llantén mayor – hojas, pasto, flores, semillas
Plantago media L., 1753 – Llantén mediano – hojas, hierba
Plantago ovata Forssk. – Ispaghula husk – semillas, tegumento de semillas
Platanus orientalis L. – Plátano oriental – yemas
Plectranthus barbatus Andrews (Coleus barbatus (Andrews) Benth. Ex G. Don;) – coleo indio – hojas, raíces, tubérculos
Pleurotus ostreatus Jacq. – Gírgola – esporóforo
Plumbago europaea L. – Plumbago – hierba, raíz
Polygala amara L. – Polygala amara – hierba, flores, raíces
Polygala vulgaris L. – Hierba de la cría – pasto, raíces
Polygonum aviculare L., 1753 – Centinodia – hierba
Polygonum bistorta L. (Bistorta officinalis Delarbre) – Bistorta – hierba, raíz, rizoma
Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc. (Reynoutria japonica Houtt.) – Hierba nudosa japonesa – raíz
Polygonum dumetorum L. (Fallopia dumetorum (L.) Holub) – Polígono de las malezas – césped
Polygonum hydropiper L. (Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Delabre 1800) – Pimienta de agua – hierba
Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (Reynoutria multiflora (Thunb.) Moldenke) – Polygon multifloro – corteza, rizoma, raíz
Polygonum persicaria L. (Persicaria maculosa (Raf.) S.F. Gray, 1821) – Persicaria – hojas, hierba
Polypodium calaguala Ruiz. (Campyloneurum angustifolium (Sw.) Fée 1852) – Helecho de hoja estrecha – raíz, rizoma
Polypodium leucotomos L. (Phlebodium aureum (L.) J.Sm.) – Calahuala – parte superior, rizoma
Polytrichum commune Hedwig, 1801 – Politrico comune – hierba
Polyporus umbellatus (Pers.) P. (1821) – Paraguas polyporus – sporophore
Populus alba L., 1753 – Álamo blanco – corteza, brotes, hojas
Populus balsamifera L., 1753 – Álamo balsámico – corteza, brotes, hojas
Populus nigra L., 1753 – Álamo negro – corteza, brotes, hojas, madera
Populus tremuloides Michx., 1753 – Álamo temblón – corteza, hojas, brotes
Poria cocos F.A. Wolf (Wolfiporia extensa (Peck) Ginns 1984) – Poria cocos – esclerotium
Porphyra tenera Kjellman (Neopyropia tenera (Kjellman) L.-E.Yang & J.Brodie, 2020) – Algas nori – talo
Porphyra umbilicalis Kützing, 1843 – Alga nori – talo
Portulaca oleracea L. – Verdolaga común – hierba, hojas, raíces
Potentilla anserina L. (Argentina anserina (L.) Rydb.) – Argentina – rizoma, hierba, flores
Potentilla argentea L. – Cinquefoil plateado- rizoma de hierba y flor
Potentilla erecta (L.) Raeuschel, 1797 – Tormetila – rizoma, hierba
Potentilla reptans L., 1753 – Cincoenrama – rizoma
Poterium spinosum L. (Sarcopoterium spinosum (L.) Spach) – Poterium – corteza de la raíz
Prangos pabularia Lindl. – Basilisco de pradera – frutas
Primula elatior (L.) Hill., 1765 – Madera de prímula alta – flores y raíces
Primula veris, L., 1753 – Primula – flores, raíces
Primula vulgaris Huds., 1762 – Onagra común – flores, hojas y raíces
Protium guianense (Aubl.) Marchand – Árbol de incienso – resina
Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand – Isiga – resina, madera
Protium Icicariba (DC.) Marchand – icica icicariba – resina
Prunella vulgaris L., 1753 – Consuelda menor – hojas, flores y hierba
Prunus armeniaca L. – Albaricoque – aceite
Prunus cerasus L., 1753 – Cereza amarga – pedúnculos
Prunus domestica L., 1753 – Ciruelo europeo – frutos, yemas
Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A.Webb, 1967 – Almendra – frutos, aceite, yemas
Prunus laurocerasus L. – Laurel cerezo – semillas, frutos
Prunus mahaleb L., 1753 – Cerezo de Santa Lucía – semilla
Prunus padus L. – Cerezo de racimos – corteza
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch – Melocotonero – corteza, flores, hojas
Prunus serotina Ehrh. – Cerezo criollo – corteza, hojas
Prunus spinosa L. – Endrino – flores, hojas, frutos, jugo, brotes
Pseudowintera colorata (Raoul) Dandy – Madera de pimienta – hojas, corteza
Psidium araca Raddi. (Psidium cattleyanum Sabine, 1821) – Guayabo peruano – corteza, hojas, frutos, raíces
Psidium guajava L., 1753 – Guayabo – hojas
Pterocarpus draco L. (Pterocarpus officinalis Jacq.) – Árbol de sangre De Drago – resina
Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir. – Kino africano – extractos de la corteza
Pterocarpus indicus Willd. – Amboyna – madera
Pterocarpus marsupium Roxburgh – Vijayasar – extractos de corteza, madera
Pterocarpus santalinus L.f. – Sándalo rojo – madera
Ptychopetalum olacoides Benth. – Muira Puama – corteza, raíz, madera

Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi. (Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr.) – Kudzu – rizoma, raíz
Pueraria tuberosa (Willd.) DC. – kudzu indio – rizoma
Pulmonaria officinalis L., 1753 – Pulmonaria – hojas, hierba y flores
Punica granatum, L. – Granada – fruto perciarpo, flores, semillas
Pyrola rotundifolia L. – Piroletta de hoja redonda – hojas
Pyrus communis L. – Peral común – hojas
Pyrus sorbus Gaertn. (Sorbus domestica L.) – Serbal común – brote
Quassia amara L. – Quassia – madera
Quercus alba L. – Roble blanco – corteza, fruta, madera
Quercus coccifera L., 1753 – Bellota – corteza
Quercus ilex L., 1753 – Encina – frutos, madera, brotes
Quercus infectoria Olivier, 1801 – Roble galla – galla
Quercus petraea (Mattuschka) Liebl. – Roble albar – hojas, semillas
Quercus pubescens Willd., 1805 – Roble pubescente – corteza
Quercus robur L. – Roble común – corteza, hojas, semillas, madera, agallas, yemas
Quercus suber L. – Alcornoque – corteza
Quillaja saponaria Molina – Quillay – corteza
Raphanus sativus L., 1753 – Rábano común – semilla, raíz
Rafia pedunculata Beauv. (Raphia farinifera (Gaertn.) Hyl.) – Palma rafia – almidón
Ravensara aromatica Sonn. – Ravensara aromática – frutas
Rhamnus alpinus L. (Atadinus alpinus (L.) Raf.) – Ramno alpino – corteza, fruto
Rhamnus alpinus L. Ssp Fallax M. et P. (Atadinus fallax (Boiss.) Hauenschild) – Ramno falaz – corteza, frutos
Rhamnus cathartica L., 1753 – Espino cerval – corteza, fruto inmaduro
Rhamnus frangula L., 1753 – Arraclán – corteza
Rhamnus purshiana DC (Frangula purshiana (DC.) A.Gray ex J.G.Cooper) – Cascara sagrada – corteza
Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) Steud. – Digital chino – raíz
Rheum emodi Muro. (Rheum australe D. Don) – Ruibarbo del Himalaya – raíz, rizoma
Rheum officinale L. – Ruibarbo chino – raíz, rizoma
Rheum palmatum L., 1759 – Ruibarbo de pavo – raíz, rizoma
Rheum rhaponticum L. – Ruipóntico exótico – raíz, rizoma
Rheum undulatum L. (Rheum rhabarbarum L.) – Ruibarbo común – raíz, rizoma
Rhodiola crenulata (Hook.f. & Thomson) H. Ohba – Rodiola crenulata – raíz
Rhodiola rosea L., 1753 – Rodiola rosa – raíz
Rhodymenia palmata (L.) Greville (Palmaria palmata (L.) F. Weber & D. Mohr) – Dulse – talo
Rhus aromatica Aiton, 1789 – Zumaque aromático – corteza de raíz
Rhus coriaria L. – Zumaque siciliano – hojas
Rhus glabra L. – Zumaque liso – frutas
Ribes nigrum L. – Grosella negra – hojas, frutos, flores, semillas, aceite, yemas
Ribes rubrum L. – Grosella roja – hojas
Ribes uva-crispa L. – Grosella espinosa – hojas, frutos
Robinia pseudoacacia L. – Falsa acacia – flores
Roccella tinctoria DC. – Roccella tintoria – talo
Rhododendron ferrugineum L. – Azalea de montaña – hojas
Rosa canina L., 1753 – Rosal silvestre – fruto, falso fruto, brotes tiernos
Rosa × centifolia L. – Rosa centifolia – flores, aceite esencial
Rosa gallica L. – Rosal de Castilla – frutas, flores
Rosa moschata Herrm. – Rosa almizcleña – aceite esencial
Rosmarinus officinalis, L., 1753 – Romero – aceite esencial, hojas, brotes tiernos
Rubia cordifolia L. – India rubia – raíces, rizomas
Rubus caesius L. – Zarza pajarera – frutos, brotes jóvenes
Rubus fruticosus L. – Zarzamora – hojas, frutos, brotes jóvenes
Rubus idaeus L., 1753 – Frambueso – hojas, frutos, brotes jóvenes
Rubus suavissimus S. Lee (Rubus chingii, Hu) – Tiancha – hojas, frutos
Rumex acetosa L. – Acedera – planta, raíces y hojas
Rumex acetosella L. – Acederilla – planta, raíces y hojas
Rumex acutus L. (Rumex conglomeratus Murray) – Paniega – raíces y hojas
Rumex alpinus L. – Ruibarbo alpino – planta, raíces y rizoma
Rumex crispus L. – Aceda de culebra – hojas, raíces y rizoma
Rumex longifolius DC. – Azadera de burro – raíces, hojas
Rumex obtusifolius L. – Romaza de hojas grandes – raíces
Rumexpatientia L. – Hierba de la paciencia – planta y raíz
Rumex sanguineus L. – Paradella sanguínia – raíz
Rumex scutatus L. – Acedera redonda – hojas
Ruscus aculeatus L. – Rusco – raíces y rizoma
Ruscus hypoglossum L., 1753 – Bislingua – hojas, rizoma y raíces

Guido Bissanti





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