[:it] Elenco Piante Officinali A [:en] List of officinal plants A [:es] Listado de plantas medicinales A [:]

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Elenco Piante Officinali A

Descrizione e normativa

Lettera B e C
– Lettera D, E, F, G e H
– Lettera I, J, K, L, M, N e O
– Lettera P, Q e R
– Lettera S, T, U, V, W, X, Y e Z

Lettera A –
Abelmoschus esculentus (l.) – Okra – frutti
Abelmoschus moschatus (L.) Medik. – Abelmosco – foglie, germogli e semi
Abies alba Mill., 1759 – Abete bianco – coni, corteccia, foglie, gemme, olio essenziale e resina
Abies balsamea (L.) Mill., 1768 – Abete balsamico – balsamo
Abies fraseri (Pursh.) Poir., 1817 – Abete di fraser – balsamo
Abies sibirica Ledeb. – Abete siberiano – foglie
Abroma augustum (L.) L.f. – Cotone del diavolo – corteccia e radici
Abrus precatorius L. – Abro – foglie, radici
Acacia catechu (L. f.) willd. – Catechu – gomma, radici
Acacia decurrens Willd. – Mimosa verde – Corteccia, fiori e gomma
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd, 1806 – Gaggia – fiori e gomma
Acacia laeta r. br. ex benth. – (Senegalia laeta (R. Br. ex Benth.) Seigler & Ebinger) – Daga – gomma
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile – Acacia nilotica – gomma
Acacia senegal Willd. (Senegalia senegal (Britton) – Acacia del Senegal – corteccia, gomma
Acacia seyal Delile (Vachellia seyal (Delile) P.J.H. Hurter) – Acacia rossa – gomma
Acacia suma (Roxb.) Voigt (Senegalia polyacantha (C.L.Willd.) Spina bianca – gomma, corteccia
Acalypha indica L. – Ortica dell’India – foglie e radici
Acanthus mollis L.  – Acanto comune – foglie e radici
Acer campestris L. – Acero campestre – gemme e corteccia
Acer negundo L. – Acero americano – corteccia
Acer saccharinum L. – Acero saccarino – corteccia e legno
Achillea ageratum L. – Millefoglio agerato – pianta e fiori
Achillea atrata L. – Achillea nerastra – erba e fiori
Achillea herba-rotta All., 1773 – Erba rota – erba
Achillea erba-rotta subsp. moschata (Wulfen) I. Richardson – Achillea muschiata – foglie, fiori ed oli
Achillea millefolium L. – Achillea millefoglie – folgie, fiori ed olio essenziale
Achillea nana L. – Millefoglio nano – foglie e fiori
Achillea ptarmica L. – Millefoglio palustre – radici, foglie e fiori
Achras sapota L. (Manilkara zapota (L.) P. Royen 1953) – Sapotiglia – fiori
Actinidia chinensis Planch., 1847 (Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev.) C.F. Liang & A.R. Ferguson) – Kiwi – frutti e gemme
Actinomeris helianthoides (Michx.) Nutt. (Verbesina helianthoides Michx.) – Girasole corona barbata – radici
Adansonia digitata L. – Baobab africano – corteccia, foglie, radici, semi e frutti
Adhatoda vasica Nees (Justicia adhatoda L.) – Adatoda – fiori, foglie e radici
Adiantum capillus-veneris L. – Capelvenere – foglie e germogli
Adiantum pedatum L. – Adianto canadese – foglie e germogli
Adoxa moschatellina L. – Moscatella – germogli
Aegle marmelos L. Corrêa – Bael – corteccia, foglie, radici, semi
Aegopodium podagraria L. – Girardina silvestre – germogli
Aesculus hippocastanum L. – Ippocastano – corteccia, firoi, foglie e gemme
Aframomum exscapum (Sims) Hepper – Aframomo – semi
Aframomum melegueta K. Schum. – Grani del Paradiso – semi
Agrimonia odorata auct. (Agrimonia eupatoria L.) – Agrimonia – foglie e germogli
Agropyron repens (L.) P. Beauv. (Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. ex Nevski, 1933) – Gramigna – rizoma
Ajuga chamaepitys (L.) Screb., 1774 – Camepizio – fiori, foglie e germogli
Ajuga iva (L.) Schreb. – Iva aromatica – sommità
Ajuga reptans L., 1753 – Bugola – foglie, germogli e fiori
Albizia anthelmintica (A. Rich.) Brongn. – Albizia anthelmintica – corteccia
Alchemilla alpina L. – Ventaglina alpina – germogli e fiori
Alchemilla vulgaris auct. – (Alchemilla xanthochlora Rothm., 1937) – Erba stella – foglie, germogli, radici
Aletris farinosa L. – Radice di unicorno – rizomi e radici
Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juz. 1933 – Piantaggine d’acqua asiatica – rizoma
Alisma plantago-aquatica L., 1753 – Piantaggine acquatica – rizoma e foglie
Alliaria petiolata (M.Bieb) Cavara & Grande – Alliaria comune – germogli e semi
Allium ascalonicum L. – Scalogno – bulbi e germogli
Allium cepa L. – Cipolla – bulbi
Allium porrum L. – Porro – bulbi e germogli
Allium sativum L. – Aglio – bulbi
Allium schoenoprasum L. – 1753 – Erba cipollina – germogli
Allium ursinum L. – Aglio orsino – bulbi e foglie
Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn., 1790 – Ontano nero – corteccia, foglie e gemme
Alnus incana (L.) Moench – Ontano bianco – gemme
Aloe africana (L.) Burm.f. – Aloe africana – succo e gel privato della pelle
Aloe arborescens Mill., 1768 – Aloe arborescens – succo e gel senza la pelle
Aloe ferox Mill. – Aloe amara – succo e gel senza la pelle
Aloe perryi Baker –Aloe socotirna – succo e gel senza la pelle
Aloe plicatilis Mill. – (Kumara plicatilis (L.) G.D.Rowley) – Aloe a ventaglio – succo, gel senza la pelle
Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f. – Aloe – gel senza la pelle
Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd. – Galanga maggiore – rizoma
Alpinia officinarum Hance – Galanga minore – rizoma
Alsidium helminthochorton (Schwendimann) Kützing, 1843 – Alsidium – Tallo
Althaea officinalis L., 1753 – Altea comune – fiori, foglie e radici
Althaea rosea Cav. – (Alcea rosea L., 1753) – Malvarosa – fiori

Amaranthus caudatus L. – Amaranto – frutti e semi
Amaranthus cruentus L., 1759 – Amaranto cruento – frutti e semi
Amaranthus hypochondriacus L., 1753 – Amaranto ipocondriaco – frutti e semi
Amomum xanthioides Wallich ex Baker – Cardamomo bastardo – semi
Amorphophallus konjac Karl Heinrich Koch – Konjac – tuberi ed amido
Ampelopsis veitchii Hort. (Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Siebold & Zucc.) Planch.) – Vite del Canada – gemme e giovani getti
Amygdalus communis L.  (Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A.Webb, 1967) – Mandorlo – semi, olio e germogli
Amyris balsamifera L. – Sandalo delle Indie Occidentali – legno
Anacardium occidentale L. – Anacardio – foglie, frutti, radici, semi e peduncoli
Anacyclus pyrethrum (L.) Link) – Camomilla spagnola – radici
Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. – Ananas – piante e frutti
Anchietea salutaris A.St.-Hil. (Anchietea pyrifolia (Mart.) G.Don) – Anchietea – radici
Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Wall. Ex Nees – Chiretta verde – pianta e radici
Anemopaegma mirandum (Cham.) Mart. ex DC. (Anemopaegma arvense (Vell.) Stelff. ex Souza) – Catuaba – corteccia
Anethum graveolens L. – Aneto – semi
Angelica archangelica L. – Angelica – foglie, frutti, radici, germogli, olio essenziale
Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels – Angelica cinese – frutti e radici
Angelica sylvestris L. – Angelica selvatica – frutti, foglie, germogli, e radici
Aniba rosaeodora Ducke – Legno di Rosa – legno ed olio essenziale
Annona muricata L., 1753 – Guanàbano – frutti
Annona reticulata L. – Annona reticulata – frutti, foglie e corteccia
Annona squamosa L. – Annona squamosa – frutti
Anogeissus latifolia (Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Guill. & Perr. – Anogeissus – gomma
Anredera baselloides (Kunth) Baill. – Anredera – tuberi e foglie
Antennaria dioica (L.) Gaertn. – Sempiterno di montagna – fiori e germogli
Anthemis cotula L. – Camomilla fetida – germogli e fiori
Anthemis tinctoria L. (Cota tinctoria (L.) J. Gay, 1845) – Camomilla dei tintori – fiori, germogli e radici.
Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm. – Cerfoglio – foglie, germogli e fiori
Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm., 1814 – Cerfoglio selvatico – frutti e germogli
Anthyllis vulneraria L., 1753 – Vulneraria – fiori e gemogli
Antirrhinum majus L., 1753 – Bocca di leone – germogli
Aphanes arvensis L. – Alchemilla dei campi – foglie e fiori
Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (Linnaeus) Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault, 1888 – Alga Klamath – batteri
Apium graveolens L. – Sedano – frutti, germogli, foglie e radici
Apium graveolens L. var. rapaceum (Miller) DC – Sedano rapa – radici, foglie e lattice
Apium graveolens var. Secalinum Alef. – Sedano da taglio – steli e foglie
Aquilaria agallocha Roxb. – Agrawood – legno
Aquilaria malaccensis Lam. – Agrawood – legno
Arachis hypogaea L. – Arachide – semi
Aralia racemosa L. – Aralia a grappoli – radici
Arbutus unedo L. – Corbezzolo – fiori, foglie e radici
Arctium lappa L. – Bardana maggiore – frutti, germogli, radici, olio
Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh., 1800 – Bardana minore – foglie, frutti, radici
Arctium tomentosum Miller, 1768 – Bardana lanuta – radici
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. – Uva ursina – foglie
Armoracia rusticana G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb., 1800 – Barbaforte – radici
Arnica montana L. – Arnica – foglie, fiori e rizomi
Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Elliott 1821 – Aronia nera – frutti
Artemisia abrotanum L. – Abrotano – foglie e germogli
Artemisia absinthium L., 1753 – Assenzio maggiore – foglie e fiori
Artemisia campestris L., 1753 – Assenzio di campo – capolini, foglie e germogli
Artemisia capillaris Thunberg, 1784 – Artemisia orientale – foglie
Artemisia chinensis Pursh (Artemisia stelleriana Besser.) – Artemisia canuta – foglie
Artemisia dracunculus L. – Dragoncello -foglie e fiori
Artemisia frigida, Willd. – Artemisia siberiana – pianta e sommità
Artemisia genipi Weber – Genepì maschio – fiori e foglie
Artemisia glacialis L. – Genepì dei ghiacciai – foglie, fiori e sommità
Artemisia judaica L. – Artemisia giudaica – foglie e fiori
Artemisia maritima L. – Assenzio marittimo – germogli, foglie e fiori
Artemisia nana Gaud. (Artemisia borealis Pall.) – Assenzio nano – foglie e fiori
Artemisia pallens Wall. ex DC. – Davana – foglie, fiori e germogli
Artemisia pontica L., 1753 – Assenzio gentile – pianta e fiori
Artemisia umbelliformis Lam., 1783 – Genepì bianco – pianta e fiori
Artemisia vallesiaca All.- Assenzio pontico alpino – foglie e fiori
Artemisia verlotiorum Lamotte – Assenzio dei fratelli Verlot – foglie e fiori
Artemisia vulgaris L., 1753 – Assenzio selvatico – fiori, foglie, radici e rizoma
Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson ex F.A.Zorn) Fosberg – Albero del pane – legno, semi e frutti
Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jolis – Alga norvegese – tallo
Asimina triloba L. – Asimina – frutti
Aspalathus linearis (Burm.f.) R.Dahlgren – Rooibos – foglie
Asparagus officinalis L. – Asparago – radici e rizoma
Asparagus racemosus Willd. – Shatavari – radici
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum L., 1753 – Asplenio – foglie
Asplenium ruta-muraria L., 1753 – Ruta dei muri – parte aerea
Asplenium trichomanes L. – Asplenio tricomane – foglie
Astragalus adscendens Boiss. & Haussk. ex Boiss. (Astragalus brachycalyx Fisch.) – Manna persiana – gomma
Astragalus creticus Lam. – Astragalo cretese – gomma
Astragalus gummifer Labill. – Astragalo gommifero – gomma
Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bunge (Astragalus propinquus Schischkin) – Huáng qí – radici
Astragalus microcephalus Willd. – Astragalo microcefalo – radici
Astragalus verus Oliver – Astragalo vero – gomma
Astrantia major L. – Astranzia maggiore – radici
Athamanta cretensis L. – Atamanta comune – fiori, foglie e frutti
Athamantha macedonica Spreng.  (Bubon macedonicum L.) – Atamanta macedonica – frutti e foglie
Atherosperma moschatum Labill. – Sassafrasso meridionale – corteccia e foglie
Auricularia auricula-judae (Fr.) Quél., 1886 – Orecchio di Giuda – sporoforo
Avena fatua L., 1753 – Avena selvatica – frutti e sommità
Avena sativa L., 1753 – Avena comune – frutti e sommità
Averrhoa carambola L. – Carambola – foglie e frutti





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List of officinal plants A

Description and regulations

Letter B and C
– Letter D, E, F, G and H
– Letter I, J, K, L, M, N and O
– Letter P, Q and R
– Letter S, T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z

Letter A –
Abelmoschus esculentus (l.) – Okra – fruits
Abelmoschus moschatus (L.) Medik. – Abelmosck – leaves, buds and seeds
Abies alba Mill., 1759 – Silver fir – cones, bark, leaves, buds, essential oil and resin
Abies balsamea (L.) Mill., 1768 – Balsamic fir – balsam
Abies fraseri (Pursh.) Poir., 1817 – Fraser fir – balsam
Abies sibirica Ledeb. – Siberian fir – leaves
Abroma augustum (L.) L.f. – Devil’s cotton – bark and roots
Abrus precatorius L. – Rosary Pea – leaves, roots
Acacia catechu (L. f.) Willd. – Catechu – gum, roots
Acacia decurrens Willd. – Black wattle – Bark, flowers and gum
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd, 1806 – Sweet acacia – flowers and rubber
Acacia laeta r. br. ex benth. – (Senegalia laeta (R. Br. Ex Benth.) Seigler & Ebinger) – Dagger – rubber
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile – Gum arabic tree – rubber
Senegal Acacia Willd. (Senegalia senegal (Britton) – Gum acacia – bark, gum
Acacia seyal Delile (Vachellia seyal (Delile) P.J.H. Hurter) – Shittim Wood – gum
Acacia suma (Roxb.) Voigt (Senegalia polyacantha (C.L.Willd.) White thorn – gum, bark
Acalypha indica L. – Nettle of India – leaves and roots
Acanthus mollis L. – Bear’s breeches – leaves and roots
Acer campestris L. – Field maple – buds and bark
Acer negundo L. – Boxelder maple – bark
Acer saccharinum L. – Silver maple – bark and wood
Achillea ageratum L. – Sweet yarrow – plant and flowers
Achillea atrata L. – Black Yarrow – grass and flowers
Achillea herba-rotta All., 1773 – Leaved milfoil – grass
Achillea erba-rotta subsp. moschata (Wulfen) I. Richardson – Musky Ilva – leaves, flowers and oils
Achillea millefolium L. – Yarrow – leaves, flowers and essential oil
Achillea nana L. – Dwarf yarrow – leaves and flowers
Achillea ptarmica L. – Sneezewort – roots, leaves and flowers
Achras sapota L. (Manilkara zapota (L.) P. Royen 1953) – Sapotiglia – flowers
Actinidia chinensis Planch., 1847 (Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev.) C.F. Liang & A.R. Ferguson) – Kiwi – fruits and buds
Actinomeris helianthoides (Michx.) Nutt. (Verbesina helianthoides Michx.) – Yellow crownbeard – roots
Adansonia digitata L. – Baobab – bark, leaves, roots, seeds and fruits
Adhatoda vasica Nees (Justicia adhatoda L.) – Malabar nut – flowers, leaves and roots
Adiantum capillus-veneris L. – Maidenhair fern – leaves and buds
Adiantum pedatum L. – Northern Maidenhair Fern – leaves and buds
Adoxa moschatellina L. – Muskroot – buds
Aegle marmelos L. Corrêa – Bael – bark, leaves, roots, seeds
Aegopodium podagraria L. – Ground elder – buds
Aesculus hippocastanum L. – Horse chestnut – bark, firoi, leaves and buds
Aframomum exscapum (Sims) Hepper – Aframomum – seeds
Aframomum melegueta K. Schum. – Malaguetta pepper – seeds
Agrimonia odorata auct. (Agrimonia eupatoria L.) – Common agrimony – leaves and buds
Agropyron repens (L.) P. Beauv. (Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. Ex Nevski, 1933) – Couch grass – rhizome
Ajuga chamaepitys (L.) Screb., 1774 – Ground-pine – flowers, leaves and buds
Ajuga iva (L.) Schreb. – Southern Bugle – top
Ajuga reptans L., 1753 – Common Bugle – leaves, buds and flowers
Albizia anthelmintica (A. Rich.) Brongn. – Worm-Cure Albizia – bark
Alchemilla alpina L. – Alpine lady’s-mantle – buds and flowers
Alchemilla vulgaris auct. – (Alchemilla xanthochlora Rothm., 1937) – Lady’s mantle – leaves, buds, roots
Aletris farinosa L. – Unicorn root – rhizomes and roots
Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juz. 1933 – Plantain of Asian water – rhizome
Alisma plantago-aquatica L., 1753 – European water-plantain – rhizome and leaves
Alliaria petiolata (M.Bieb) Cavara & Grande – Garlic mustard – sprouts and seeds
Allium ascalonicum L. – Shallot – bulbs and sprouts
Allium cepa L. – Onion – bulbs
Allium porrum L. – Leek – bulbs and sprouts
Allium sativum L. – Garlic – bulbs
Allium schoenoprasum L. – 1753 – Chives – sprouts
Allium ursinum L. – Bear’s garlic – bulbs and leaves
Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn., 1790 – Black alder – bark, leaves and buds
Alnus incana (L.) Moench – White alder – buds
Aloe africana (L.) Burm.f. – Uitenhage Aloe – juice and gel deprived of the skin
Aloe arborescens Mill., 1768 – Aloe arborescens – juice and gel without the skin
Aloe ferox Mill. – Bitter Aloe – juice and gel without the skin
Aloe perryi Baker – Socotrine aloe – juice and gel without the skin
Aloe plicatilis Mill. – (Kumara plicatilis (L.) G.D.Rowley) – Fan aloe – juice, gel without skin
Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f. – Aloe – gel without the skin
Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd. – Galangal major – rhizome
Alpinia officinarum Hance – Colic root – rhizome
Alsidium helminthochorton (Schwendimann) Kützing, 1843 – Alsidium – Thallus
Althaea officinalis L., 1753 – Marsh-mallow – flowers, leaves and roots
Althaea rosea Cav. – (Alcea rosea L., 1753) – Common hollyhock – flowers

Amaranthus caudatus L. – Amaranth – fruits and seeds
Amaranthus cruentus L., 1759 – Amaranth bloody – fruits and seeds
Amaranthus hypochondriacus L., 1753 – Hypochondriac amaranth – fruits and seeds
Amomum xanthioides Wallich ex Baker – Bastard cardamom – seeds
Amorphophallus konjac Karl Heinrich Koch – Konjac – tubers and starch
Ampelopsis veitchii Hort. (Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Siebold & Zucc.) Planch.) – Boston ivy – buds and young shoots
Amygdalus communis L. (Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb, 1967) – Almond tree – seeds, oil and buds
Amyris balsamifera L. – Balsam Torchwood – wood
Anacardium occidentale L. – Anacardio – leaves, fruits, roots, seeds and peduncles
Anacyclus pyrethrum (L.) Link) – Pellitory – roots
Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. – Pineapple – plants and fruits
Anchietea salutaris A.St.-Hil. (Anchietea pyrifolia (Mart.) G.Don) – Anchietea – roots
Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Wall. Ex Nees – Green chireta – plant and roots
Anemopaegma mirandum (Cham.) Mart. ex DC. (Anemopaegma arvense (Vell.) Stelff. Ex Souza) – Catuaba – bark
Anethum graveolens L. – Dill – seeds
Angelica archangelica L. – Angelica – leaves, fruits, roots, buds, essential oil
Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels – dong quai – fruits and roots
Angelica sylvestris L. – Wild Angelica – fruits, leaves, buds, and roots
Aniba rosaeodora Ducke – Rosewood – wood and essential oil
Annona muricata L., 1753 – Soursop – fruits
Annona reticulata L. – Custard apple – fruits, leaves and bark
Annona squamosa L. – Sugar-apple – fruits
Anogeissus latifolia (Roxb. Ex DC.) Wall. ex Guill. & For R. – Axle wood – rubber
Anredera baselloides (Kunth) Baill. – Anredera – tubers and leaves
Antennaria dioica (L.) Gaertn. – Mountain everlasting – flowers and buds
Anthemis cotula L. – Stinking Chamomile – buds and flowers
Anthemis tinctoria L. (Cota tinctoria (L.) J. Gay, 1845) – Golden marguerite – flowers, buds and roots.
Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm. – Chervil – leaves, buds and flowers
Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm., 1814 – Wild chervil – fruits and shoots
Anthyllis vulneraria L., 1753 – Vulneraria – flowers and buds
Antirrhinum majus L., 1753 – Snapdragon – buds
Aphanes arvensis L. – Parsley-piert – leaves and flowers
Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (Linnaeus) Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault, 1888 – Klamath seaweed – bacteria
Apium graveolens L. – Celery – fruits, shoots, leaves and roots
Apium graveolens L. var. rapaceum (Miller) DC – Celery root – roots, leaves and latex
Apium graveolens var. Secalinum Alef. – Leaf celery – stems and leaves
Aquilaria agallocha Roxb. – Agrawood – wood
Aquilaria malaccensis Lam. – Agarwood – wood
Arachis hypogaea L. – Peanut – seeds
Aralia racemosa L. – American spikenard – roots
Arbutus unedo L. – Strawberry tree – flowers, leaves and roots
Arctium lappa L. – Greater burdock – fruits, shoots, roots, oil
Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh., 1800 – Lesser burdock – leaves, fruits, roots
Arctium tomentosum Miller, 1768 – Woolly Burdock – roots
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. – Bearberry – leaves
Armoracia rusticana G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb., 1800 – Horseradish – roots
Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Elliott 1821 – Black chokeberry – fruits
Arnica montana L. – Wolf’s bane – leaves, flowers and rhizomes
Artemisia abrotanum L. – Southernwood – leaves and buds
Artemisia absinthium L., 1753 – Grand wormwood – leaves and flowers
Artemisia campestris L., 1753 – Field wormwood – flower heads, leaves and buds
Artemisia capillaris Thunberg, 1784 – Oriental wormwood – leaves
Artemisia chinensis Pursh (Artemisia stelleriana Besser.) – Hoary mugwort – leaves
Artemisia dracunculus L. – Tarragon – leaves and flowers
Artemisia frigida, Willd. – Fringed Mountain Sage – plant and top
Artemisia genipi Weber – Genepì male – flowers and leaves
Artemisia glacialis L. – Glacial Wormwood – leaves, flowers and tops
Artemisia judaica L. – Judean Wormwood – leaves and flowers
Artemisia maritima L. – Sea Wormwood – buds, leaves and flowers
Artemisia nana Gaud. (Artemisia borealis Pall.) – Boreal sagebrush – leaves and flowers
Artemisia pallens Wall. ex DC. – Dhavanam – leaves, flowers and buds
Artemisia pontica L., 1753 – Roman wormwood – plant and flowers
Artemisia umbelliformis Lam., 1783 – White Genepì – plant and flowers
Artemisia vallesiaca All.- Alpine Wormwood Pontic – leaves and flowers
Artemisia verlotiorum Lamotte – Chinese mugwort – leaves and flowers
Artemisia vulgaris L., 1753 – Common mugwort – flowers, leaves, roots and rhizome
Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson ex F.A.Zorn) Fosberg – Breadfruit – wood, seeds and fruit
Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jolis – Norwegian seaweed – thallus
Asimina triloba L. – Papaw – fruits
Aspalathus linearis (Burm.f.) R. Dahlgren – Rooibos – leaves
Asparagus officinalis L. – Asparagus – roots and rhizome
Asparagus racemosus Willd. – Shatavari – roots
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum L., 1753 – Black spleenwort – leaves
Asplenium ruta-muraria L., 1753 – Wall-rue – aerial part
Asplenium trichomanes L. – Maidenhair spleenwort – leaves
Astragalus adscendens Boiss. & Haussk. ex Boiss. (Astragalus brachycalyx Fisch.) – Persian manna – rubber
Astragalus creticus Lam. – Cretan astralago – rubber
Astragalus gummifer Labill. – Gum tragacanth milkvetch – rubber
Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bunge (Astragalus propinquus Schischkin) – Huáng qí – roots
Astragalus microcephalus Willd. – Astralago microcephalus – roots
Astragalus verus Oliver – True astragalus – rubber
Astrantia major L. – Great masterwort – roots
Athamanta cretensis L. – Common Atamanta – flowers, leaves and fruits
Athamantha macedonica Spreng. (Bubon macedonicum L.) – Macedonian atamanta – fruits and leaves
Atherosperma moschatum Labill. – Southern sassafras – bark and leaves
Auricularia auricula-judae (Fr.) Quél., 1886 – Ear of Judah – sporophore
Avena fatua L., 1753 – Wild oats – fruits and tops
Avena sativa L., 1753 – Common oats – fruits and tops
Averrhoa carambola L. – Carambola – leaves and fruits





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Listado de plantas medicinales A

Descripción y normativa

Letra B y C
– Letra D, E, F, G y H
– Letra I, J, K, L, M, N y O
– Letra P, Q y R
– Letra S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, y Z

Letra A –
Abelmoschus esculentus (l.) – Okra – frutas
Abelmoschus moschatus (L.) Medik. – Abelmosco – hojas, brotes y semillas
Abies alba Mill., 1759 – Abeto blanco – conos, cortezas, hojas, brotes, aceite esencial y resina
Abies balsamea (L.) Mill., 1768 – Abeto balsámico – bálsamo
Abies fraseri (Pursh.) Poir., 1817 – Abeto Fraser – bálsamo
Abies sibirica Ledeb. – Abeto siberiano – hojas
Abroma augustum (L.) L.f. – Algodón del diablo – corteza y raíces
Abrus precatorius L. – Regaliz americano – hojas, raíces
Acacia catechu (L. f.) Willd. – Catechu – goma, raíces
Acacia decurrens Willd. – Mimosa verde – Corteza, flores y chicle
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd, 1806 – Acacia de las Indias – flores y caucho
Acacia laeta r. br. ex benth. – (Senegalia laeta (R. Br. Ex Benth.) Seigler & Ebinger) – Daga – goma
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile – Acacia gomifera – caucho
Senegal Acacia Willd. (Senegalia senegal (Britton) – Acacia de Senegal – corteza, chicle
Acacia seyal Delile (Vachellia seyal (Delile) P.J.H. Hurter) – Acacia seyal – chicle
Acacia suma (Roxb.) Voigt (Senegalia polyacantha (C.L.Willd.) Espina blanca – goma, corteza
Acalypha indica L. – Cupamení de la India – hojas y raíces
Acanthus mollis L. – Acanto – hojas y raíces
Acer campestris L. – Arce menor – brotes y corteza
Acer negundo L. – Acezintl – corteza
Acer saccharinum L. – Arce de azúcar – corteza y madera
Achillea ageratum L. – Millefoil agerate – plantas y flores
Achillea atrata L. – Achillea negruzco – hierba y flores
Achillea herba-rotta All., 1773 – Hierba rota – hierba
Achillea erba-rotta subsp. moschata (Wulfen) I. Richardson – Achillea musgarda – hojas, flores y aceites
Achillea millefolium L. – Milenrama – hojas, flores y aceite esencial
Achillea nana L. – Milenrama enana – hojas y flores
Achillea ptarmica L. – Achillea ptarmica L. – Marsh Millefoil – raíces, hojas y flores – raíces, hojas y flores
Achras sapota L. (Manilkara zapota (L.) P. Royen 1953) – Zapote – flores
Actinidia chinensis Planch., 1847 (Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev.) C.F. Liang & A.R. Ferguson) – Kiwi – frutas y brotes
Actinomeris helianthoides (Michx.) Nutt. (Verbesina helianthoides Michx.) – Barba coronada de girasol – raíces
Adansonia digitata L. – Baobab – corteza, hojas, raíces, semillas y frutos
Adhatoda vasica Nees (Justicia adhatoda L.) – Adatoda – flores, hojas y raíces
Adiantum capillus-veneris L. – Culantrillo de pozo – hojas y brotes
Adiantum pedatum L. – Culantrillo de Canadá – hojas y brotes
Adoxa moschatellina L. – Adoxa – yemas
Aegle marmelos L. Corrêa – Bael – corteza, hojas, raíces, semillas
Aegopodium podagraria L. – Podagraria – yemas
Aesculus hippocastanum L. – Castaño de Indias – corteza, firoi, hojas y brotes
Aframomum exscapum (Sims) Hepper – Aframomum – semillas
Aframomum melegueta K. Schum. – Granos del Paraíso – semillas
Agrimonia odorata auct. (Agrimonia eupatoria L.) – Hierba de San Guillermo – hojas y brotes
Agropyron repens (L.) P. Beauv. (Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. Ex Nevski, 1933) – Grama – rizoma
Ajuga chamaepitys (L.) Screb., 1774 – Ajuga – flores, hojas y brotes
Ajuga iva (L.) Schreb. – Búgula almizclada – arriba
Ajuga reptans L., 1753 – Búgula – hojas, brotes y flores
Albizia anthelmintica (A. Rich.) Brongn. – Albizia anthelmintica – corteza
Alchemilla alpina L. – Alquimila alpina – brotes y flores
Alchemilla vulgaris auct. – (Alchemilla xanthochlora Rothm., 1937) – Hierba estrellada – hojas, brotes, raíces
Aletris farinosa L. – Aletrix – rizomas y raíces
Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juz. 1933 – Plátano de agua asiática – rizoma
Alisma plantago-aquatica L., 1753 – Plátano acuático – rizoma, flores y hojas
Alliaria petiolata (M.Bieb) Cavara & Grande – Aliaria – brotes y semillas
Allium ascalonicum L. – Chalote – bulbos y brotes
Allium cepa L. – Cebolla – bulbos
Allium porrum L. – Puerro – bulbos y brotes
Allium sativum L. – Ajo – bulbos
Allium schoenoprasum L. – 1753 – Cebollino – brotes
Allium ursinum L. – Ajo de oso – bulbos y hojas
Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn., 1790 – Aliso negro – corteza, hojas y brotes
Alnus incana (L.) Moench – Aliso blanco – brotes
Aloe africana (L.) Burm.f. – Aloe africana – jugo y gel privados de la piel
Aloe arborescens Mill., 1768 – Aloe arborescens – jugo y gel sin piel
Aloe ferox Mill. – áloe feroz – jugo y gel sin piel
Aloe perryi Baker – Aloe socotirna – jugo y gel sin piel
Aloe plicatilis Mill. – (Kumara plicatilis (L.) G.D. Rowley) – Planta abanico – jugo, gel sin piel
Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f. – Aloe – gel sin piel
Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd. – Galangal mayor – rizoma
Alpinia officinarum Hance – Galangal menor – rizoma
Alsidium helminthochorton (Schwendimann) Kützing, 1843 – Alsidium – Talo
Althaea officinalis L., 1753 – Malvavisco – flores, hojas y raíces
Althaea rosea Cav. – (Alcea rosea L., 1753) – Malva real – flores

Amaranthus caudatus L. – Amaranto – frutas y semillas
Amaranthus cruentus L., 1759 – Amaranto sangriento – frutas y semillas
Amaranthus hypochondriacus L., 1753 – Amaranto hipocondríaco – frutos y semillas
Amomum xanthioides Wallich ex Baker – Cardamomo bastardo – semillas
Amorphophallus konjac Karl Heinrich Koch – Konjac – tubérculos y almidón
Ampelopsis veitchii Hort. (Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Siebold & Zucc.) Planch.) – Parra virgen – brotes y brotes jóvenes
Amygdalus communis L. (Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb, 1967) – Almendro – semillas, aceite y brotes
Amyris balsamifera L. – Sándalo de las Indias Occidentales – madera
Anacardium occidentale L. – Anacardio – hojas, frutos, raíces, semillas y pedúnculos
Anacyclus pyrethrum (L.) Link) – Pelitre​ – raíces
Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. – Piña – plantas y frutas
Anchietea salutaris A.St.-Hil. (Anchietea pyrifolia (Mart.) G.Don) – Anchietea – raíces
Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Muro. Ex Nees – Chiretta verde – planta y raíces
Anemopaegma mirandum (Cham.) Mart. ex DC. (Anemopaegma arvense (Vell.) Stelff. Ex Souza) – Catuaba – corteza
Anethum graveolens L. – Eneldo – semillas
Angelica archangelica L. – Angélica – hojas, frutos, raíces, brotes, aceite esencial
Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels – dong quai – frutas y raíces
Angelica sylvestris L. – Angélica silvestre – frutos, hojas, brotes y raíces
Aniba rosaeodora Ducke – Palisandro – madera y aceite esencial
Annona muricata L., 1753 – Guanábana – frutas
Annona reticulata L. – Annona reticulata – frutos, hojas y corteza
Annona squamosa L. – Anón – frutas
Anogeissus latifolia (Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Guill. & Perr. – Anogeissus – caucho
Anredera baselloides (Kunth) Baill. – Anredera – tubérculos y hojas
Antennaria dioica (L.) Gaertn. – Pie de gato – flores y capullos
Anthemis cotula L. – Manzanilla hedionda – brotes y flores
Anthemis tinctoria L. (Cota tinctoria (L.) J. Gay, 1845) – Camomila amarilla – flores, brotes y raíces.
Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm. – Perifollo – hojas, brotes y flores
Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm., 1814 – Perifollo verde – frutas y brotes
Anthyllis vulneraria L., 1753 – Vulneraria – flores y capullos
Antirrhinum majus L., 1753 – Boca de dragón – yemas
Aphanes arvensis L. – Alquimila arvense – hojas y flores
Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (Linnaeus) Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault, 1888 – Alga Klamath – bacterias
Apium graveolens L. – Apio – frutos, brotes, hojas y raíces
Apium graveolens L. var. rapaceum (Miller) DC – Apio – raíces, hojas y látex
Apium graveolens var. Secalinum Alef. – Apio nabo – tallos y hojas
Aquilaria agallocha Roxb. – Agar – madera
Aquilaria malaccensis Lam. – Agar – madera
Arachis hypogaea L. – Maní – semillas
Aralia racemosa L. – Nardo americano – raíces
Arbutus unedo L. – Madroño – flores, hojas y raíces
Arctium lappa L. – Agarrocha – frutos, brotes, raíces, aceite
Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh., 1800 – Lampazo menor – hojas, frutos, raíces
Arctium tomentosum Miller, 1768 – Bardana tomentosa – raíces
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. – Gayuba – hojas
Armoracia rusticana G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb., 1800 – Rábano rusticano – raíces
Arnica montana L. – Arnica montana – hojas, flores y rizomas
Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Elliott 1821 – Chokeberry negro – frutas
Artemisia abrotanum L. – Abrótano – hojas y brotes
Artemisia absinthium L., 1753 – Ajenjo – hojas y flores
Artemisia campestris L., 1753 – Escobilla parda – cabezas de flores, hojas y brotes
Artemisia capillaris Thunberg, 1784 – Artemisia oriental – hojas
Artemisia chinensis Pursh (Artemisia stelleriana Besser.) – Artemisia canuta – hojas
Artemisia dracunculus L. – Estragón – hojas y flores
Artemisia frigida, Willd. – Artemisia siberiana – planta y parte superior
Artemisia genipi Weber – Genepì macho – flores y hojas
Artemisia glacialis L. – Genepì de los glaciares – hojas, flores y cimas
Artemisia judaica L. – Artemisia judaica – hojas y flores
Artemisia maritima L. – Ajenjo marítimo – brotes, hojas y flores
Artemisia nana Gaud. (Artemisia borealis Pall.) – Ajenjo enano – hojas y flores
Artemisia pallens Wall. ex DC. – Davana – hojas, flores y capullos
Artemisia pontica L., 1753 – Ajenjo romano – planta y flores
Artemisia umbelliformis Lam., 1783 – Genepì blanco – planta y flores
Artemisia vallesiaca All.- Ajenjo póntico alpino – hojas y flores
Artemisia verlotiorum Lamotte – Ajenjo de los hermanos Verlot – hojas y flores
Artemisia vulgaris L., 1753 – Artemega – flores, hojas, raíces y rizomas
Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson ex F.A.Zorn) Fosberg – Árbol del pan – madera, semillas y frutos
Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jolis – Alga noruega – thallus
Asimina triloba L. – Chirimoyo de la Florida – frutas
Aspalathus linearis (Burm.f.) R. Dahlgren – Rooibos – hojas
Asparagus officinalis L. – Espárragos – raíces y rizomas
Asparagus racemosus Willd. – Shatavari – raíces
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum L., 1753 – Culantrillo negro – hojas
Asplenium ruta-muraria L., 1753 – Pared-rue – parte aérea
Asplenium trichomanes L. – Culantrillo menudo – hojas
Astragalus adscendens Boiss. Y Haussk. ex Boiss. (Astragalus brachycalyx Fisch.) – Maná persa – caucho
Astragalus creticus Lam. – Astralago de Creta – caucho
Astragalus gummifer Labill. – Astracantha gummifer – Goma
Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bunge (Astragalus propinquus Schischkin) – Huáng qí – raíces
Astragalus microcephalus Willd. – Astralago microcephalus – raíces
Astrágalo verus Oliver – Astrágalo verdadero – caucho
Astrantia major L. – Sanicula hembra – raíces
Athamanta cretensis L. – Atamanta común – flores, hojas y frutos
Athamantha macedonica Spreng. (Bubon macedonicum L.) – Atamanta macedonica – frutos y hojas
Atherosperma moschatum Labill. – Sasafrás del sur – corteza y hojas
Auricularia auricula-judae (P.) Quél., 1886 – Oreja de Judá – esporóforo
Avena fatua L., 1753 – Avena salvaje – frutas y tapas
Avena sativa L., 1753 – Avena común – frutas y tapas
Averrhoa carambola L. – Carambolo – hojas y frutos





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