[:it] Hebanthe eriantha [:en] Hebanthe eriantha [:es] Hebanthe eriantha [:]

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Hebanthe eriantha

La Pfaffia o Suma (Hebanthe eriantha (Poir.) Pedersen) è una specie arbustiva rampicante appartenente alla famiglia delle Amaranthaceae.

Sistematica –
Dal punto di vista sistematico appartiene al:
Dominio Eukaryota,
Regno Plantae,
Divisione Magnoliophyta,
Classe Magnoliopsida,
Ordine Caryophyllales,
Famiglia Amaranthaceae,
Genere Hebanthe,
Specie H. eriantha.
Sono sinonimi i seguenti termini:
– Celosia eriantha Vahl ex Moq.;
– Gomphrena eriantha (Poir.) Moq.;
– Gomphrena paniculata (Mart.) Moq.;
– Gomphrena paniculata var. glabrata Seub.;
– Gomphrena paniculata f. ovatifolia Heimerl;
– Gomphrena paniculata var. pilosiuscula Moq.;
– Gomphrena eriantha (Poir.) Moq.
– Hebanthe eriantha f. ovatifolia (Heimerl) Pedersen;
– Hebanthe paniculata Mart.;
– Iresine erianthos Poir.;
– Iresine paniculata (Mart.) Spreng. [Illegitimo];
– Iresine tenuis Suess.;
– Iresine tenuis var. discolor Suess.;
– Pfaffia eriantha (Poir.) Kuntze;
– Pfaffia laurifolia Chodat;
– Pfaffia paniculata (Mart.) Kuntze;
– Pfaffia paniculata var. bidentata O.Stützer;
– Pfaffia paniculata f. bidentata O. Stützer;
– Pfaffia paniculata var. coronata O.Stützer;
– Pfaffia paniculata f. coronata O. Stützer;
– Pfaffia paniculata f. lanceolata R.E.Fr.;
– Pfaffia paniculata var. ovatifolia (Heimerl) R.E.Fr.;
– Pfaffia paniculata f. ovatifolia (Heimerl) R.E. Fr.;
– Pfaffia paraguayensis Chodat;
– Pfaffia reticulata var. strigulosa Suess.;
– Xeraea paniculata (Mart.) Kuntze.

Etimologia –
Il termine Hebanthe non chiaro, forse in riferimento al nome vernacolare della specie.
L’epiteto speicifo eriantha proviene dal greco ἔριον érion lana e ἄνϑοϛ ánthos fiore: dal fiore lanoso.

Distribuzione Geografica ed Habitat –
L’ Hebanthe eriantha è una pianta originaria del Sud America, presente nella foresta pluviale amazzonica, dal Brasile all’Ecuador, Panama, Paraguay, Perù e Venezuela.
L’habitat caratteristico è quello della vegetazione dei sistemi forestali naturali del Sud America, nei climi tropicali e sub tropicali ed in condizioni di umidità elevata.

Descrizione –
La Pfaffia è una pianta arbustiva rampicante, di grande sviluppo.
Ha apparato radicale intricato, profondo ed esteso.
Le foglie sono di colore scuro, di forma ovata, opposte, con nervature evidenti.
I fiori sono piccoli, di colore bianco, portati in infiorescenze terminali.

Coltivazione –
L’ Hebanthe eriantha è un’erba medicinale molto importante, che viene raccolta allo stato selvatico ed esportata in molti paesi.
Non si hanno dettagli maggiori sulla sua coltivazione ma può comunque propagarsi per seme in ambienti pedoclimatici simili a quelli di crescita naturale.

Usi e Tradizioni –
L’Hebanthe eriantha, conosciuta con vari nomi come: pfaffia, suma o ginseng brasiliano, è una pianta originaria dalla foresta Amazzonica ben nota in America Centrale e Meridionale dove, nelle regioni tropicali ai confini del fiume Paranà, ne crescono più di cinquanta specie.
È conosciuta tra le popolazioni indigene come “Para todo” (che significa: per tutto) ed è usata diffusamente nella medicina tradizionale per incrementare il livello energetico, ridurre il senso di affaticamento ed aumentare la libido migliorando anche la prestazione sessuale dell’uomo.
I popoli indigeni della regione amazzonica, infatti, hanno usato la radice di questa pianta per generazioni, per un’ampia varietà di scopi sanitari, incluso come tonico generale; come tonico energetico, ringiovanente e sessuale; è un agente calmante; serve a trattare le ulcere e come panacea da almeno 300 anni.
La radice contiene sostanze fitochimiche tra cui saponine (pfaffoside), acido pfaffico, beta-ecdisterone, glicosidi e nortriterpeni.
Nel dettaglio la radice contiene 19 diversi aminoacidi, un gran numero di elettroliti, oligoelementi, ferro, magnesio, zinco, vitamine A, B1, B2, E, K, e acido pantotenico. Il suo alto contenuto di germanio spiega probabilmente le sue proprietà di ossigenatore a livello cellulare; il suo alto contenuto di ferro può spiegare il suo uso tradizionale per l’anemia.
Per quanto riguarda le saponine presenti, queste sono ben note per avere un ampio spettro di attività tra cui l’abbassamento del colesterolo nel sangue; inibendo la crescita delle cellule tumorali; e agendo come agenti antimicotici e antibatterici. Tuttavia sono anche conosciute anche come detergenti naturali e agenti schiumogeni.
Secondo alcuni autori le saponine possono agire legandosi agli acidi biliari e al colesterolo. Si pensa che queste sostanze chimiche “puliscano” o eliminino questi composti grassi dal corpo (abbassando così i livelli di colesterolo nel sangue).
Queste saponine hanno dimostrato clinicamente la capacità di inibire i melanomi delle cellule tumorali e di aiutare a regolare i livelli di zucchero nel sangue.
La radice di Pfaffia è un’erba medicinale molto importante con una storia molto lunga di uso tradizionale tra le popolazioni indigene della regione amazzonica. Viene considerata, come detto, un toccasana generale.
Nella moderna fitoterapia la radice è considerata un adattogeno e un tonico, in grado di aumentare la resistenza del corpo alle influenze avverse da un’ampia gamma di fattori fisici, chimici e biochimici e di avere un effetto normalizzante o riparatore sul corpo nel suo insieme.
Viene assunta per stimolare l’appetito e la circolazione; aumentare la produzione di estrogeni; bilanciare i livelli di zucchero nel sangue; potenziare il sistema immunitario; rafforzare il sistema muscolare; migliorare la memoria; e come tonico generale dopo una malattia.
Viene usata per trattare l’esaurimento e l’affaticamento cronico; impotenza; artrite; anemia; diabete; cancro; alta pressione sanguigna; sindrome premestruale, menopausa e disturbi ormonali; e molti tipi di stress.
Questa pianta ha dimostrato, in vari studi, attività analgesiche e antinfiammatorie.
Oltre a questi impieghi non sono conosciuti altri usi.

Modalità di Preparazione –
Della pfaffia si usa la radice sia intera che in plvere.
Nella moderna fitoterapia si utilizza prevalentemente la polvere come energizzante e tonica, per supportare gli sforzi e nell’attività sportiva, come adattogena, indicata negli stati di affaticamento, per stimolare i processi cognitivi.
Viene, inoltre utilizzata come immunostimolante e per aumentare la libido e nelle prestazioni sessuali.

Guido Bissanti

Fonti
– Acta Plantarum – Flora delle Regioni italiane.
– Wikipedia, l’enciclopedia libera.
– Useful Tropical Plants Database.
– Conti F., Abbate G., Alessandrini A., Blasi C. (a cura di), 2005. An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore.
– Pignatti S., 1982. Flora d’Italia, Edagricole, Bologna.
– Treben M., 2000. La Salute dalla Farmacia del Signore, Consigli ed esperienze con le erbe medicinali, Ennsthaler Editore.

Attenzione: Le applicazioni farmaceutiche e gli usi alimurgici sono indicati a mero scopo informativo, non rappresentano in alcun modo prescrizione di tipo medico; si declina pertanto ogni responsabilità sul loro utilizzo a scopo curativo, estetico o alimentare.





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Hebanthe eriantha

Pfaffia or Suma (Hebanthe eriantha (Poir.) Pedersen) is a climbing shrub species belonging to the Amaranthaceae family.

Systematics –
From a systematic point of view it belongs to:
Eukaryota Domain,
Kingdom Plantae,
Magnoliophyta Division,
Magnoliopsida class,
Order Caryophyllales,
Amaranthaceae family,
Genus Hebanthe,
H. eriantha species.
The following terms are synonymous:
– Celosia eriantha Vahl ex Moq .;
– Gomphrena eriantha (Poir.) Moq .;
– Gomphrena paniculata (Mart.) Moq .;
– Gomphrena paniculata var. glabrata Seub .;
– Gomphrena paniculata f. ovatifolia Heimerl;
– Gomphrena paniculata var. pilosiuscula Moq .;
– Gomphrena eriantha (Poir.) Moq.
– Hebanthe eriantha f. ovatifolia (Heimerl) Pedersen;
– Hebanthe paniculata Mart .;
– Iresine erianthos Poir .;
– Iresine paniculata (Mart.) Spreng. [Illegitimate];
– Iresine tenuis Suess .;
– Iresine tenuis var. Suess discolor .;
– Pfaffia eriantha (Poir.) Kuntze;
– Pfaffia laurifolia Chodat;
– Pfaffia paniculata (Mart.) Kuntze;
– Pfaffia paniculata var. bidentata O. Stützer;
– Pfaffia paniculata f. bidentata O. Stützer;
– Pfaffia paniculata var. crowned O. Stützer;
– Pfaffia paniculata f. crowned O. Stützer;
– Pfaffia paniculata f. lanceolata R.E.Fr .;
– Pfaffia paniculata var. ovatifolia (Heimerl) R.E.Fr .;
– Pfaffia paniculata f. ovatifolia (Heimerl) R.E. Fr .;
– Pfaffia paraguayensis Chodat;
– Pfaffia reticulata var. strigulosa Suess .;
– Xeraea paniculata (Mart.) Kuntze.

Etymology –
The term Hebanthe is unclear, perhaps referring to the vernacular name of the species.
The speiciferous epithet eriantha comes from the Greek ἔριον érion lana and ἄνϑοϛ ánthos fiore: from the woolly flower.

Geographic Distribution and Habitat –
Hebanthe eriantha is a plant native to South America, present in the Amazon rainforest, from Brazil to Ecuador, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Venezuela.
The characteristic habitat is that of the vegetation of the natural forest systems of South America, in tropical and sub-tropical climates and in conditions of high humidity.

Description –
Pfaffia is a climbing shrub plant with great development.
It has an intricate, deep and extensive root system.
The leaves are dark in color, ovate, opposite, with evident veins.
The flowers are small, white, carried in terminal inflorescences.

Cultivation –
Hebanthe eriantha is a very important medicinal herb, which is harvested in the wild and exported to many countries.
There are no more details on its cultivation but it can still propagate by seed in pedoclimatic environments similar to those of natural growth.

Customs and Traditions –
Hebanthe eriantha, known by various names such as: pfaffia, suma or Brazilian ginseng, is a plant originating from the Amazon forest well known in Central and South America where, in the tropical regions bordering the Parana River, more than fifty species grow.
It is known among indigenous peoples as “Para todo” (which means: for everything) and is widely used in traditional medicine to increase the energy level, reduce the sense of fatigue and increase libido, also improving the sexual performance of men.
In fact, the indigenous peoples of the Amazon region have used the root of this plant for generations, for a wide variety of health purposes, including as a general tonic; as an energetic, rejuvenating and sexual tonic; is a calming agent; has been used to treat ulcers and as a panacea for at least 300 years.
The root contains phytochemicals including saponins (pfaffoside), pfaffic acid, beta-ecdysterone, glycosides and nortriterpenes.
In detail, the root contains 19 different amino acids, a large number of electrolytes, trace elements, iron, magnesium, zinc, vitamins A, B1, B2, E, K, and pantothenic acid. Its high germanium content probably explains its oxygenating properties at the cellular level; its high iron content may explain its traditional use for anemia.
As for the saponins present, these are well known for having a broad spectrum of activities including lowering blood cholesterol; inhibiting the growth of cancer cells; and acting as antifungal and antibacterial agents. However, they are also known as natural cleaners and foaming agents.
According to some authors, saponins can act by binding to bile acids and cholesterol. These chemicals are thought to “clean” or eliminate these fatty compounds from the body (thus lowering blood cholesterol levels).
These saponins have been clinically shown to inhibit cancer cell melanomas and help regulate blood sugar levels.
Pfaffia root is a very important medicinal herb with a very long history of traditional use among the indigenous peoples of the Amazon region. It is considered, as mentioned, a general cure-all.
In modern herbal medicine the root is considered an adaptogen and a tonic, capable of increasing the body’s resistance to adverse influences from a wide range of physical, chemical and biochemical factors and of having a normalizing or restorative effect on the body as a whole.
It is taken to stimulate the appetite and circulation; increase the production of estrogen; balance blood sugar levels; boost the immune system; strengthen the muscular system; improve memory; and as a general tonic after an illness.
It is used to treat chronic fatigue and exhaustion; impotence; arthritis; anemia; diabetes; cancer; high blood pressure; premenstrual syndrome, menopause and hormonal disorders; and many types of stress.
This plant has shown analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities in various studies.
Apart from these uses, no other uses are known.

Preparation Method –
The root is used both whole and plvere of the pfaffia.
In modern herbal medicine, powder is mainly used as an energizer and tonic, to support efforts and in sports, as an adaptogen, indicated in states of fatigue, to stimulate cognitive processes.
It is also used as an immunostimulant and to increase libido and sexual performance.

Guido Bissanti

Sources
– Acta Plantarum – Flora of the Italian Regions.
– Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
– Useful Tropical Plants Database.
– Conti F., Abbate G., Alessandrini A., Blasi C. (ed.), 2005. An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore.
– Pignatti S., 1982. Flora of Italy, Edagricole, Bologna.
– Treben M., 2000. Health from the Lord’s Pharmacy, Advice and experiences with medicinal herbs, Ennsthaler Editore.

Warning: Pharmaceutical applications and alimurgical uses are indicated for informational purposes only, they do not represent in any way a medical prescription; therefore no responsibility is taken for their use for curative, aesthetic or food purposes.





[:es]

Hebanthe eriantha

Pfaffia o Suma (Hebanthe eriantha (Poir.) Pedersen) es una especie de arbusto trepador perteneciente a la familia Amaranthaceae.

Sistemática –
Desde un punto de vista sistemático pertenece a:
Dominio eucariota,
Reino Plantae,
División Magnoliophyta,
Clase Magnoliopsida,
Orden Caryophyllales,
Familia Amaranthaceae,
Género Hebanthe,
Especies de H. eriantha.
Los siguientes términos son sinónimos:
– Celosia eriantha Vahl ex Moq.;
– Gomphrena eriantha (Poir.) Moq.;
– Gomphrena paniculata (Mart.) Moq.;
– Gomphrena paniculata var. glabrata Seub.;
– Gomphrena paniculata f. ovatifolia Heimerl;
– Gomphrena paniculata var. pilosiuscula Moq.;
– Gomphrena eriantha (Poir.) Moq.
– Hebanthe eriantha f. ovatifolia (Heimerl) Pedersen;
– Hebanthe paniculata Mart.;
– Iresine erianthos Poir.;
– Iresine paniculata (Mart.) Spreng. [Ilegítimo];
– Iresine tenuis Suess.;
– Iresine tenuis var. Suess decolorar.;
– Pfaffia eriantha (Poir.) Kuntze;
– Pfaffia laurifolia Chodat;
– Pfaffia paniculata (Mart.) Kuntze;
– Pfaffia paniculata var. bidentata O. Stützer;
– Pfaffia paniculata f. bidentata O. Stützer;
– Pfaffia paniculata var. coronado O. Stützer;
– Pfaffia paniculata f. coronado O. Stützer;
– Pfaffia paniculata f. lanceolata R.E.Fr.;
– Pfaffia paniculata var. ovatifolia (Heimerl) R.E.Fr.;
– Pfaffia paniculata f. ovatifolia (Heimerl) R.E. Fr.;
– Pfaffia paraguayensis Chodat;
– Pfaffia reticulata var. strigulosa Suess.;
– Xeraea paniculata (Mart.) Kuntze.

Etimología –
El término Hebanthe no está claro, quizás refiriéndose al nombre vernáculo de la especie.
El epíteto espeicífero eriantha proviene del griego ἔριον érion lana y ἄνϑοϛ ánthos fiore: de la flor lanuda.

Distribución geográfica y hábitat –
Hebanthe eriantha es una planta originaria de América del Sur, presente en la selva amazónica, desde Brasil hasta Ecuador, Panamá, Paraguay, Perú y Venezuela.
El hábitat característico es el de la vegetación de los sistemas forestales naturales de América del Sur, en climas tropicales y subtropicales y en condiciones de alta humedad.

Description –
Pfaffia is a climbing shrub plant with great development.
It has an intricate, deep and extensive root system.
The leaves are dark in color, ovate, opposite, with evident veins.
The flowers are small, white, carried in terminal inflorescences.

Cultivation –
Hebanthe eriantha is a very important medicinal herb, which is harvested in the wild and exported to many countries.
There are no more details on its cultivation but it can still propagate by seed in pedoclimatic environments similar to those of natural growth.

Customs and Traditions –
Hebanthe eriantha, known by various names such as: pfaffia, suma or Brazilian ginseng, is a plant originating from the Amazon forest well known in Central and South America where, in the tropical regions bordering the Parana River, more than fifty species grow.
It is known among indigenous peoples as “Para todo” (which means: for everything) and is widely used in traditional medicine to increase the energy level, reduce the sense of fatigue and increase libido, also improving the sexual performance of men.
In fact, the indigenous peoples of the Amazon region have used the root of this plant for generations, for a wide variety of health purposes, including as a general tonic; as an energetic, rejuvenating and sexual tonic; is a calming agent; has been used to treat ulcers and as a panacea for at least 300 years.
The root contains phytochemicals including saponins (pfaffoside), pfaffic acid, beta-ecdysterone, glycosides and nortriterpenes.
In detail, the root contains 19 different amino acids, a large number of electrolytes, trace elements, iron, magnesium, zinc, vitamins A, B1, B2, E, K, and pantothenic acid. Its high germanium content probably explains its oxygenating properties at the cellular level; its high iron content may explain its traditional use for anemia.
As for the saponins present, these are well known for having a broad spectrum of activities including lowering blood cholesterol; inhibiting the growth of cancer cells; and acting as antifungal and antibacterial agents. However, they are also known as natural cleaners and foaming agents.
According to some authors, saponins can act by binding to bile acids and cholesterol. These chemicals are thought to “clean” or eliminate these fatty compounds from the body (thus lowering blood cholesterol levels).
These saponins have been clinically shown to inhibit cancer cell melanomas and help regulate blood sugar levels.
Pfaffia root is a very important medicinal herb with a very long history of traditional use among the indigenous peoples of the Amazon region. It is considered, as mentioned, a general cure-all.
In modern herbal medicine the root is considered an adaptogen and a tonic, capable of increasing the body’s resistance to adverse influences from a wide range of physical, chemical and biochemical factors and of having a normalizing or restorative effect on the body as a whole.
It is taken to stimulate the appetite and circulation; increase the production of estrogen; balance blood sugar levels; boost the immune system; strengthen the muscular system; improve memory; and as a general tonic after an illness.
It is used to treat chronic fatigue and exhaustion; impotence; arthritis; anemia; diabetes; cancer; high blood pressure; premenstrual syndrome, menopause and hormonal disorders; and many types of stress.
This plant has shown analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities in various studies.
Apart from these uses, no other uses are known.

Preparation Method –
The root is used both whole and plvere of the pfaffia.
In modern herbal medicine, powder is mainly used as an energizer and tonic, to support efforts and in sports, as an adaptogen, indicated in states of fatigue, to stimulate cognitive processes.
It is also used as an immunostimulant and to increase libido and sexual performance.

Guido Bissanti

Sources
– Acta Plantarum – Flora of the Italian Regions.
– Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
– Useful Tropical Plants Database.
– Conti F., Abbate G., Alessandrini A., Blasi C. (ed.), 2005. An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore.
– Pignatti S., 1982. Flora of Italy, Edagricole, Bologna.
– Treben M., 2000. Health from the Lord’s Pharmacy, Advice and experiences with medicinal herbs, Ennsthaler Editore.

Warning: Pharmaceutical applications and alimurgical uses are indicated for informational purposes only, they do not represent in any way a medical prescription; therefore no responsibility is taken for their use for curative, aesthetic or food purposes.





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