Properties and uses of Teucrium polium

Properties and uses of the Poled Camedrio

The polio camedrio, also known as simply Polio or Mountain Camendrio, White thyme, Polio primo (Teucrium polium L., 1753) is a perennial suffrutive plant of the Lamiaceae family. This plant is native to the Mediterranean basin and Eastern Europe. In Italy we find it more in the south and in the islands, both in the plains and in the mountains up to the altitude of 1500 m s.l.m, especially in arid environments, with sandy or gravelly soils.
In this sheet we see properties and uses of the Camedrio polio and its salient features.
Teucrium polium is a plant that has a bitter taste due to the presence of scordeina, tannin substances, essential oil, an acid saponin. It also contains two diterpenes: picropelin, teucrine.

All parts of this plant are used, both the whole plant and the leaves. It has tonic-aromatic properties, stimulating gastro-intestinal function; if it is used externally it favors the atrophy of the adenoids of the nasal and pharynx, fungoidal and antiseptic pits. Recent studies have shown, however, that some constituents turn out to be hepatotoxic to humans.
Important research has been done on animal guinea pigs in the treatment of evident multiple ulcers. After treatment with Teucrium polium, more re-epithelialization, proliferation, mucosal hyperplasia, gastric epithelial cell migration and inflammatory cell decrease were observed. Teucrium polium reduced ulcer indices by> 50% after one week,> 80% after 2 weeks and> 90% after 4 weeks.
The curative effect with Teucrium polium may be due to antioxidant activity together with the ability to modulate mucin secretion, prostaglandin synthesis and epidermal growth factor receptor expression. These results together with the properties of non-toxicity, without prejudice to the verification of the hepatotoxic effects, suggest the use of the Camedrio polio as a promising anti-ulcer compound.

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