How to make an organic vegetable garden
In spring, more than in the Vernino, there is the desire to grow vegetables and vegetables in your vegetable garden. It is an operation that can create a lot of enthusiasm but also disappointments if we have not clear some aspects. The first objective must be to produce without the use of chemistry (where the contribution above all of nitric fertilizers must be avoided), in a totally natural way according to the principle that nature is sufficient to itself. This will allow us to respect the environment and, above all, respect us so that we will feed on genuine and wholesome products. The starting point must obviously be the quality of the land and exposure to the sun; the best products are obtained loose soils, rich in organic substance, well exposed to the sun and not subjected to winds.
Found the site suitable for the first job, which should be done on time (possibly in the winter) is a good organic fertilization (the mature cattle manure is the best and most balanced) and a 30-40 cm processing that interacts the manure .
The tool suitable for this processing is the spade otherwise, in the absence, a good hoe. Subsequently, in the period before sowing, the soil should be reworked with a hoe, deprived of herbs (which however can be left to humid in the soil) and refined in order to accommodate the young seedlings. In this phase we can add an organic compost, earthworm humus that will give the soil not only the nutrients but the best physical characteristics. The sowing can be done directly or after sowing in a nursery and subsequent transplanting. In any case, the sowing distance must be such that allows two aspects: an adequate distance between the plants that do not overlap and the spaces to be able to pass inside the garden for all the cultivation operations. Another fundamental advice is to associate plants that work together in synergy and correct rotations to prevent the plants returning on the same plot creating problems of soil fatigue or phytosanitary.
For the selection and sowing of individual crops, please refer to the specific section while for irrigation the advice is to use rain irrigation using hoses (hollow tubes) that will allow you to save significantly the amount of water and avoid the occurrence of fungi and other plant diseases. Furthermore, this system allows you to connect your irrigation system to a small programmer (which you can find on the internet or in specialized shops) at a cost of a few tens of euros. For irrigation, however, always keep in mind to carry it out either in the early morning hours or at dusk to avoid stress, water and heat loss and phytopathies.
Important, in terms of prevention, is the control of insects, mites and fungi. Normally if you have already adopted a good processing and organic fertilization of the soil, a good rotation and misalignment most of the problems are solved. If aphids, cochineals and other insects are present, natural insecticides and techniques described here can be used, taking care to carefully follow the indications of preparation and distribution.
Finally for collection: always operate with clean scissors and never tearing the fruit or leaves. This is one of the main operations that predisposes the plant to suffer parasitic attacks especially from fungi.