[:it] Dysphania ambrosioides [:en] Dysphania ambrosioides [:es] Dysphania ambrosioides [:]

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Dysphania ambrosioides

Il farinello aromatico o epazote (Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants) è una specie erbacea perenne appartenente alla famiglia delle Chenopodiaceae.

Sistematica –
Dal punto di vista sistematico appartiene al Dominio Eukaryota, Regno Plantae, Divisione Magnoliophyta, Classe Magnoliopsida, Ordine Caryophyllales, Famiglia Chenopodiaceae, Tribù Dysphanieae e quindi al Genere Dysphania ed alla Specie D. ambrosioides.
Sono sinonimi i termini:
– Chenopodium ambrosioides L.;
– Chenopodium ambrosioides f. suffruticosum (Willd.) Aellen;
– Chenopodium ambrosioides var. suffruticosum (Willd.) Aellen, isonym;
– Chenopodium ambrosioides var. suffruticosum (Willd.) Graebn.;
– Chenopodium ambrosioides var. suffruticosum (Willd.) P. Fourn., isonymChenopodium album subsp. ambrosioides (L.) H.J. Coste & A. Reyn.;
– Chenopodium ambrosioides subsp. suffruticosum (Willd.) Thell.;
– Atriplex ambrosioides (L.) Crantz;
– Blitum ambrosioides (L.) Beck;
– Teloxys ambrosioides (L.) W.A. Weber;
– Chenopodium integrifolium Voroc.;
– Chenopodium suffruticosum Willd..

Etimologia –
Il termine Dysphania proviene dal greco δυσφανες dysphanes indistinto, poco evidente (dal prefisso avversativo δυσ- dys- e da φανερός phaneros visibile, vistoso): per i fiori poco evidenti, racchiusi nel ricettacolo.
L’epiteto sepcifico ambrosioides proviene dal greco ἀμβροσία ambrosía ambrosia, cibo miracoloso che conferiva l’immortalità agli dei greci e romani (il che sembra un controsenso visto che questo genere comprende piante altamente allergeniche; Linneo scelse questo nome probabilmente perché gli antichi erbari consigliavano l’uso di Ambrosia maritima come rimedio per i problemi di stomaco) e dal greco εἷδος eídos apparenza, sembianza: simile a un’Ambrosia.

Distribuzione Geografica ed Habitat –
Il farinello aromatico è una specie di origine neotropicale (America centrale, America del sud e Messico del sud) oggi divenuta sub cosmopolita e presente in tutte le regioni d’Italia come avventizia.
Il suo habitat è quello dei ruderi e macerie, spesso presso le case e lungo le vie, dal livello del mare agli 800 m circa.

Description –
The Dysphania ambrosioides is an annual or short-lived perennial herbaceous plant, which can reach a height of 1.2 m; it appears in an irregularly branched form.
The leaves are oblong-lanceolate of dimensions up to 12 cm.
The flowers are small and green, carried in a branched panicle at the apex of the stem.
The fruits are utricles enclosed by the globular perianth, depressed, non-adherent pericarp.
The seeds are 0.5-0.8 mm in diameter, reddish-brown, ovoid, generally horizontal, sometimes oblique or vertical, with flattened or rounded edges and an almost smooth head.

Cultivation –
Aromatic farinello is a plant that blooms between June and September. For its cultivation it prefers sunny soils and sowing should be done between March and April.
The optimum germination temperature is 20–22 ° C and the germination time goes from
7–21 days.
In addition to its native areas, it is cultivated in warm temperate zones up to the subtropical areas of Europe and the United States (Missouri, New England, Eastern United States), sometimes becoming a grass with pest characteristics.

Uses and Traditions –
Disfantia ambrosioides, also known by other names such as: Jesuit tea, Mexican tea, which has been used over time for various purposes.
In the kitchen it is used as a leaf vegetable, herb and herbal tea for its pungent taste.
When raw, it has a resinous and medicinal aroma, similar to oregano, anise, fennel or even tarragon, but stronger.
The fragrance of this plant is strong but difficult to describe. A common analogy is turpentine or creosote. It has also been matched with similarities with citrus fruits, savory and mint.
It is used in Central American cuisine. Although it is traditionally used for its flavor and its alleged carminative properties it is sometimes also used to flavor other traditional Mexican dishes: it can be used to flavor typical Mexican and Central American dishes such as quesadilla and sope, soups, tamales with cheese and chilli, peppers, eggs and potatoes, enchiladas and other dishes.
It is often used as a green seasoning and in fried white rice and an important ingredient for preparing the green sauce for chilaquile.
Attention, however, to its toxicity due to the presence of essential oils, of which there have also been cases of death due to an overdose of essential oils, attributed to the content of ascari dolo (1,4-peroxide-p-menth-2-ene). Symptoms include severe gastroenteritis with pain, vomiting and diarrhea.
For this reason, even if this plant has a consolidated place in recipes and folklore, it is wise to use only the leaves in the kitchen and sparingly.
The essential oils of D. ambrosioides contain terpenic compounds, some of which have natural capacities as pesticides. Ascaridol inhibits the growth of neighboring species, so it is better to grow it at a distance from other plants.
Aromatic farinello not only contains terpenic compounds, but also provides partial protection to neighboring plants simply by masking their scent to some insects, making it a useful plant for entomological protection. Its small flowers can also attract some wasps and predatory flies.
As for ascaridol, this plant contains up to 70%; it also contains limonene, p-cymene and minor amounts of numerous other monoterpenes and derivatives of monoterpene (α-pinene, myrcene, terpinene, thymol, camphor and trans-isocarveolus). Ascidol is toxic and has a pungent, not very pleasant taste.
This plant can also be used as a base for some natural dyes for moss green coloring.

Preparation Mode –
The aromatic farinello is used, a little in all its parts in many typical dishes of Central and South America, especially Mexican dishes such as quesadilla and sope, soups, tamales with cheese and chilli, chillies, eggs and potatoes, enchilada and others.
It is often used as a green seasoning and in fried white rice and an important ingredient for preparing the green sauce for chilaquile.

Guido Bissanti

Fonti
– Acta Plantarum – Flora delle Regioni italiane.
– Wikipedia, l’enciclopedia libera.
– Treben M., 2000. La Salute dalla Farmacia del Signore, Consigli ed esperienze con le erbe medicinali, Ennsthaler Editore
– Pignatti S., 1982. Flora d’Italia, Edagricole, Bologna.
– Conti F., Abbate G., Alessandrini A., Blasi C. (a cura di), 2005. An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore.

Attenzione: Le applicazioni farmaceutiche e gli usi alimurgici sono indicati a mero scopo informativo, non rappresentano in alcun modo prescrizione di tipo medico; si declina pertanto ogni responsabilità sul loro utilizzo a scopo curativo, estetico o alimentare.



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Dysphania ambrosioides

Wormseed (Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants) is a perennial herbaceous species belonging to the Chenopodiaceae family.

Systematics –
From the systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, United Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Magnoliopsida Class, Caryophyllales Order, Chenopodiaceae Family, Dysphanieae Tribe and therefore to the Dysphania Genus and to the D. ambrosioides Species.
The terms are synonymous:
– Chenopodium ambrosioides L .;
– Chenopodium ambrosioides f. suffruticosum (Willd.) Aellen;
– Chenopodium ambrosioides var. suffruticosum (Willd.) Aellen, isonym;
– Chenopodium ambrosioides var. suffruticosum (Willd.) Graebn .;
– Chenopodium ambrosioides var. suffruticosum (Willd.) P. Fourn., isonymChenopodium album subsp. ambrosioides (L.) H.J. Coste & A. Reyn .;
– Chenopodium ambrosioides subsp. suffruticosum (Willd.) Thell .;
– Atriplex ambrosioides (L.) Crantz;
– Blitum ambrosioides (L.) Beck;
– Teloxys ambrosioides (L.) W.A. Weber;
– Chenopodium integrifolium Voroc .;
– Chenopodium suffruticosum Willd ..

Etymology –
The term Dysphania comes from the Greek δυσφανες dysphanes indistinct, not very evident (from the adversary prefix δυσ- dys- and from φανερός phaneros visible, conspicuous): for the not very evident flowers, enclosed in the receptacle.
The sepithic epithet ambrosioides comes from the Greek ἀμβροσία ambrosía ambrosia, a miraculous food that conferred immortality on the Greek and Roman gods (which seems to be a contradiction given that this genus includes highly allergenic plants; Linnaeus chose this name probably because the ancient herbaria recommended it). ‘use of Ambrosia maritima as a remedy for stomach problems) and from the Greek εἷδος eídos appearance, semblance: similar to an Ambrosia.

Geographical Distribution and Habitat –
Wormseed is a species of neotropical origin (Central America, South America and Southern Mexico) which today has become sub-cosmopolitan and present in all regions of Italy as an adventitia.
Its habitat is that of ruins and rubble, often in houses and along streets, from sea level to about 800 m.

Description –
The Dysphania ambrosioides is an annual or short-lived perennial herbaceous plant, which can reach a height of 1.2 m; it appears in an irregularly branched form.
The leaves are oblong-lanceolate of dimensions up to 12 cm.
The flowers are small and green, carried in a branched panicle at the apex of the stem.
The fruits are utricles enclosed by the globular perianth, depressed, non-adherent pericarp.
The seeds are 0.5-0.8 mm in diameter, reddish-brown, ovoid, generally horizontal, sometimes oblique or vertical, with flattened or rounded edges and an almost smooth head.

Cultivation –
Wormseed is a plant that blooms between June and September. For its cultivation it prefers sunny soils and sowing should be done between March and April.
The optimum germination temperature is 20–22 ° C and the germination time goes from
7–21 days.
In addition to its native areas, it is cultivated in warm temperate zones up to the subtropical areas of Europe and the United States (Missouri, New England, Eastern United States), sometimes becoming a grass with pest characteristics.

Uses and Traditions –
Disfantia ambrosioides, also known by other names such as: Jesuit tea, Mexican tea, which has been used over time for various purposes.
In the kitchen it is used as a leaf vegetable, herb and herbal tea for its pungent taste.
When raw, it has a resinous and medicinal aroma, similar to oregano, anise, fennel or even tarragon, but stronger.
The fragrance of this plant is strong but difficult to describe. A common analogy is turpentine or creosote. It has also been matched with similarities with citrus fruits, savory and mint.
It is used in Central American cuisine. Although it is traditionally used for its flavor and its alleged carminative properties it is sometimes also used to flavor other traditional Mexican dishes: it can be used to flavor typical Mexican and Central American dishes such as quesadilla and sope, soups, tamales with cheese and chilli, peppers, eggs and potatoes, enchiladas and other dishes.
It is often used as a green seasoning and in fried white rice and an important ingredient for preparing the green sauce for chilaquile.
Attention, however, to its toxicity due to the presence of essential oils, of which there have also been cases of death due to an overdose of essential oils, attributed to the content of ascari dolo (1,4-peroxide-p-menth-2-ene). Symptoms include severe gastroenteritis with pain, vomiting and diarrhea.
For this reason, even if this plant has a consolidated place in recipes and folklore, it is wise to use only the leaves in the kitchen and sparingly.
The essential oils of D. ambrosioides contain terpenic compounds, some of which have natural capacities as pesticides. Ascaridol inhibits the growth of neighboring species, so it is better to grow it at a distance from other plants.
Aromatic farinello not only contains terpenic compounds, but also provides partial protection to neighboring plants simply by masking their scent to some insects, making it a useful plant for entomological protection. Its small flowers can also attract some wasps and predatory flies.
As for ascaridol, this plant contains up to 70%; it also contains limonene, p-cymene and minor amounts of numerous other monoterpenes and derivatives of monoterpene (α-pinene, myrcene, terpinene, thymol, camphor and trans-isocarveolus). Ascidol is toxic and has a pungent, not very pleasant taste.
This plant can also be used as a base for some natural dyes for moss green coloring.

Preparation Mode –
The wormseed is used, a little in all its parts in many typical dishes of Central and South America, especially Mexican dishes such as quesadilla and sope, soups, tamales with cheese and chilli, chillies, eggs and potatoes, enchilada and others.
It is often used as a green seasoning and in fried white rice and an important ingredient for preparing the green sauce for chilaquile.

Guido Bissanti

Sources
– Acta Plantarum – Flora of the Italian Regions.
– Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
– Treben M., 2000. Health from the Pharmacy of the Lord, Advice and experiences with medicinal herbs, Ennsthaler Editore
– Pignatti S., 1982. Flora of Italy, Edagricole, Bologna.
– Conti F., Abbate G., Alessandrini A., Blasi C. (edited by), 2005. An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore.

Attention: Pharmaceutical applications and food uses are indicated for informational purposes only, do not in any way represent a medical prescription; therefore no responsibility is assumed for their use for curative, aesthetic or food purposes.



[:es]

Dysphania ambrosioides

El epazote (Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants) es una especie herbácea perenne perteneciente a la familia Chenopodiaceae.

Sistemática –
Desde el punto de vista sistemático, pertenece al dominio Eukaryota, United Plantae, división Magnoliophyta, clase Magnoliopsida, orden Caryophyllales, familia Chenopodiaceae, tribu Dysphanieae y, por lo tanto, al género Dysphania y a la especie D. ambrosioides.
Los términos son sinónimos:
– Chenopodium ambrosioides L.;
– Chenopodium ambrosioides f. suffruticosum (Willd.) Aellen;
– Chenopodium ambrosioides var. suffruticosum (Willd.) Aellen, isónimo;
– Chenopodium ambrosioides var. suffruticosum (Willd.) Graebn .;
– Chenopodium ambrosioides var. suffruticosum (Willd.) P. Fourn., isonymChenopodium album subsp. ambrosioides (L.) H.J. Coste y A. Reyn .;
– Chenopodium ambrosioides subsp. suffruticosum (Willd.) Thell .;
– Atriplex ambrosioides (L.) Crantz;
– Blitum ambrosioides (L.) Beck;
– Teloxys ambrosioides (L.) W.A. Weber;
– Chenopodium integrifolium Voroc.
– Chenopodium suffruticosum Willd ..

Etimología –
El término Disphania proviene del griego δυσφανες dysphanes indistinto, no muy evidente (del prefijo adversario δυσ- dys- y de φανερός phaneros visible, conspicuo): para las flores no muy evidentes, encerradas en el receptáculo.
El epíteto sepítico ambrosioides proviene del griego ἀμβροσία ambrosía ambrosia, un alimento milagroso que confirió la inmortalidad a los dioses griegos y romanos (lo que parece ser una contradicción dado que este género incluye plantas altamente alergénicas; Linneo eligió este nombre probablemente porque los antiguos herbarios lo recomendaron). ‘uso de Ambrosia maritima como remedio para problemas estomacales) y del griego εἷδος eídos apariencia, apariencia: similar a una Ambrosia.

Distribución geográfica y hábitat –
El epazote es una especie de origen neotropical (América Central, América del Sur y el sur de México) que hoy se ha convertido en un subcosmopolita y está presente en todas las regiones de Italia como una adventicia.
Su hábitat es el de ruinas y escombros, a menudo en casas y calles, desde el nivel del mar hasta unos 800 m.

Descripción –
La Dysphania ambrosioides es una planta herbácea perenne anual o de corta duración, que puede alcanzar una altura de 1,2 m; aparece en una forma irregularmente ramificada.
Las hojas son oblongo-lanceoladas de dimensiones de hasta 12 cm.
Las flores son pequeñas y verdes, transportadas en una panícula ramificada en el ápice del tallo.
Los frutos son utrículos encerrados por el pericarpio globular, pericarpio deprimido, no adherente.
Las semillas tienen un diámetro de 0.5-0.8 mm, marrón rojizo, ovoides, generalmente horizontales, a veces oblicuas o verticales, con bordes aplanados o redondeados y una cabeza casi lisa.

Cultivo –
Epazote es una planta que florece entre junio y septiembre. Para su cultivo prefiere suelos soleados y la siembra debe hacerse entre marzo y abril.
La temperatura óptima de germinación es de 20–22 ° C y el tiempo de germinación va desde
7 a 21 días.
Además de sus áreas nativas, se cultiva en zonas templadas cálidas hasta las áreas subtropicales de Europa y los Estados Unidos (Missouri, Nueva Inglaterra, este de los Estados Unidos), a veces convirtiéndose en una hierba con características de plagas.

Usos y Tradiciones –
Disfantia ambrosioides, también conocida por otros nombres como: té de los jesuitas, té mexicano, que se ha utilizado con el tiempo para diversos fines.
En la cocina se usa como un vegetal de hoja, hierba y té de hierbas por su sabor picante.
Cuando está crudo, tiene un aroma resinoso y medicinal, similar al orégano, anís, hinojo o incluso estragón, pero más fuerte.
La fragancia de esta planta es fuerte pero difícil de describir. Una analogía común es la trementina o la creosota. También se ha combinado con similitudes con cítricos, salados y menta.
Se usa en la cocina centroamericana. Aunque se usa tradicionalmente por su sabor y sus supuestas propiedades carminativas, a veces también se usa para condimentar otros platos mexicanos tradicionales: se puede usar para condimentar platos típicos mexicanos y centroamericanos como quesadilla y sope, sopas, tamales con queso y chile, pimientos, huevos y papas, enchiladas y otros platos.
A menudo se usa como condimento verde y en arroz blanco frito y un ingrediente importante para preparar la salsa verde para el chilaquile.
Atención, sin embargo, a su toxicidad debido a la presencia de aceites esenciales, de los cuales también ha habido casos de muerte por sobredosis de aceites esenciales, atribuidos al contenido de ascari dolo (1,4-peróxido-p-menth-2-eno). Los síntomas incluyen gastroenteritis severa con dolor, vómitos y diarrea.
Por esta razón, incluso si esta planta tiene un lugar consolidado en las recetas y el folklore, es aconsejable usar solo las hojas en la cocina y con moderación.
Los aceites esenciales de D. ambrosioides contienen compuestos terpénicos, algunos de los cuales tienen capacidades naturales como pesticidas. El ascaridol inhibe el crecimiento de especies vecinas, por lo que es mejor cultivarlo a cierta distancia de otras plantas.
El epazote contiene compuestos terpénicos, sino que también brinda protección parcial a las plantas vecinas simplemente enmascarando su aroma a algunos insectos, lo que lo convierte en una planta útil para la protección entomológica. Sus pequeñas flores también pueden atraer algunas avispas y moscas depredadoras.
En cuanto al ascaridol, esta planta contiene hasta un 70%; También contiene limoneno, p-cimeno y pequeñas cantidades de muchos otros monoterpenos y derivados del monoterpeno (α-pineno, mirceno, terpino, timol, alcanfor y trans-isocarveolo). El ascidol es tóxico y tiene un sabor picante, no muy agradable.
Esta planta también se puede utilizar como base para algunos tintes naturales para la coloración verde musgo.

Modo de preparación –
El epazote se usa, un poco en todas sus partes, en muchos platos típicos de América Central y del Sur, especialmente platos mexicanos como quesadilla y sope, sopas, tamales con queso y chile, chiles, huevos y papas, enchilada. y otros
A menudo se usa como condimento verde y en arroz blanco frito y un ingrediente importante para preparar la salsa verde para el chilaquile.

Guido Bissanti

Fuentes
– Acta Plantarum – Flora de las Regiones italianas.
– Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre.
– Treben M., 2000. Salud de la farmacia del Señor, consejos y experiencias con hierbas medicinales, Ennsthaler Editore
– Pignatti S., 1982. Flora de Italia, Edagricole, Bolonia.
– Conti F., Abbate G., Alessandrini A., Blasi C. (editado por), 2005. Una lista de verificación anotada de la flora vascular italiana, Palombi Editore.

Atención: las aplicaciones farmacéuticas y los usos alimentarios están indicados solo con fines informativos, de ninguna manera representan una prescripción médica; por lo tanto, no se asume ninguna responsabilidad por su uso con fines curativos, estéticos o alimenticios.



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