An Eco-sustainable World

2030 Agenda – Goal 10

2030 Agenda – Goal 10

Reduce inequalities within and between countries

Goal 10 of the Agenda 2030 program aims at eliminating, or at least leveling, global inequalities, which are very large today and which represent one of the greatest obstacles to sustainable development and the fight against poverty. In recent years, inequalities have increased in many countries. They limit the possibilities of certain sectors of society to participate in social, cultural, political and economic life and to make a useful contribution.
Goal 10 requires that the income growth rate of the poorest 40 percent of the population be sustainably increased. Furthermore, by 2030 everyone must have the right to empowerment and social, economic and political inclusion must be promoted. Equal opportunities must be guaranteed by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices. Orderly and safe migration and mobility should be facilitated, inter alia through a responsible migration policy. Developing countries will need to enjoy better representation in international economic and financial institutions and have more opportunities to express their views in decision-making processes.
10.1: By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of 40% of the population in the lowest social stratum at a rate higher than the national average.
10.2: By 2030, enhance and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, regardless of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion, economic status or other.
10.3: Ensure equal opportunities and reduce inequalities in results, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and actions in this regard.
10.4: Adopt policies, in particular fiscal, wage and social protection, to progressively achieve greater equality.

10.5: Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of these rules.
10.6: Ensure better representation that gives developing countries a voice in decision-making institutions in global and international economics and finance, to create more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions.
10.7: Making migration and mobility of people more disciplined, safe, regular and responsible, also with the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies.
10.a: Implement the principle of special and different treatment reserved for developing countries, in particular the least developed, in accordance with the agreements of the World Trade Organization.
10.b: Encourage official development aid and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, for the states most in need, especially least developed countries, African countries, small island developing states and countries in landlocked development, in accordance with their national plans and programs.
10.c: By 2030, reduce the transaction costs of migrant remittances to less than 3% and eliminate remittance corridors costing more than 5%.

Guido Bissanti

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