Capsicum annuum var. longum
The Chili pepper (Capsicum annuum var. Longum (L.) Sendtn.) is a variety of the pepper and therefore belongs to the Solanaceae family.
From a systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, Kingdom Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Magnoliopsida Class, Subclass Asteridae, Solanales Order, Solanaceae Family and therefore to the Genus Capsicum, to the C. annuum Species and to the C. a. longum.
The term Capsicum comes from the Greek καψάκιον capsákion small orciolo, for the hollow structure of the fruits in the species of this genus.
The specific epithet annuum is in reference to annual, from annus year, in reference to the duration of the vegetative cycle even if the species of this genus are mainly perennial, but they behave as annuals in climatic conditions different from those of the places of origin and in particular the horticultural varieties cultivated in Europe whose observation suggested the epithet.
The name longum comes from long: elongated, usually for bearing.
Geographical Distribution and Habitat –
This variety, like others, comes from the Capsicum annuum species, native to southern North America and Central America.
This variety is widely cultivated on all continents and with all the varieties developed over time.
The Longum group of the Capsicuum annuum is a plant similar to that of the generic species, with erect bearing.
It is a perennial, annual, vigorous plant with medium to dark green leaves, broad in the shape of a spear.
The flowers are small, white in color which in summer produce slender, tapered, edible, green fruits which when ripe become pale green to bright red in color.
For the cultivation technique consider that it is advisable to sow the seeds in a fertile and well-drained soil in a sunny and sheltered place or in protected environments before the last frost.
The plant must be watered and fertilized regularly.
For the cultivation technique it is advisable to consult the following sheet.
Uses and Traditions –
The chili pepper is used for its fruits, or rather, berries, first green and then (after ripening) from light green to bright red.
It contains a placenta (white film) that binds some light, round and flattened seeds. Just the placenta and the seeds contain the famous spicy active ingredient of peppers, namely capsaicin, which in this variety is stronger and with different gradations, depending on the different varieties, compared to sweet pepper.
For the characteristics of this variety, please refer to those of the nominal species.
Method of Preparation –
The chillies, for their vast cultivation and therefore for the different culinary cultures, are mainly used as spices and mixed with others.
The varieties obtained over time and the different content in capsaicin make chillies one of the most used spices in the world.
They are also added to salads, flavoring foods and drinks, and also for pharmaceutical purposes.
– Acta Plantarum – Flora of the Italian Regions.
– Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
– Treben M., 2000. Health from the Lord’s Pharmacy, Tips and experiences with medicinal herbs, Ennsthaler Editore
– Pignatti S., 1982. Flora of Italy, Edagricole, Bologna.
– Conti F., Abbate G., Alessandrini A., Blasi C. (edited by), 2005. An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore.
Warning: Pharmaceutical applications and alimurgical uses are indicated for information purposes only, they do not in any way represent a medical prescription; therefore, no responsibility is accepted for their use for healing, aesthetic or food purposes.