The ergine, whose term in the official IUPAC nomenclature is: (8β) -9.10-didehydro-6-methyl-ergolin-8-carboxyamide is a naturally occurring hallucinogenic alkaloid.
Ergine has a brute or molecular formula: C16H17N3O and is an amide of lysergic acid, also known by the names of: LSA and lysergamide.
Ergine, as mentioned, is a naturally occurring substance in some plants. It is found in several varieties of the Ipomoea genus, such as Ipomoea violacea (Ipomoea violacea L.) in a concentration of about 10 µg per seed; it is also present in Argyreia nervosa (Argyreia nervosa (Burm.f.) Bojer) at a concentration of 0.13% by weight in the dry plant material and in Rivea corymbosa (Turbina corymbosa; (L.) Raf.).
It is also present in various concentrations in other species.
Taking ergine causes changes in thought, perceptions, sensations, and state of consciousness for a few hours. It is similar to other ergot alkaloids such as isoergine, lysergol, ergometrine.
The effect of ergine, however, is much milder than that of LSD.
Although interactions with drugs are not known, the action of ergine is inhibited by anti-HIV drugs and therefore it is possible that the use of antiretroviral drugs increases their toxicity.
The toxic dose in humans is 14 micrograms per kilogram of body weight.
Warning: The information given is not medical advice and may not be accurate. The contents are for illustrative purposes only and do not replace medical advice.