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Geographic map of Liberia

Geographic map of Liberia

Liberia is a state in West Africa, bordering Sierra Leone and Guinea to the north and Côte d’Ivoire to the east.
Liberia has a population of 5,325,009 (2022) and the capital is Monrovia with a population of 1,010,970 as of 2008.

Geography –
Liberia is a West African country located on the Atlantic coast. This state is located in the West African region and is bordered by Sierra Leone to the north, Guinea to the east and Côte d’Ivoire to the southeast. To the west it is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean.
Liberia covers an area of approximately 111,369 square kilometers and is inhabited by a population of over five million people.
The landscape of Liberia is mainly characterized by flat and hilly terrain, interspersed with a series of low mountain ranges. The most significant mountains are the Nimba Mountains, located in the northern part of the country, which reach altitudes above 1,300 meters.
Liberia is crossed by many rivers, among which the most important are the Cavally, which marks the border with the Ivory Coast, the Mano and the Lofa. These streams provide important water resources for the country.
This country has a hot and humid tropical climate. Average temperatures vary between 26°C and 32°C along the coast and in low-lying regions, while they drop slightly in mountainous areas. Precipitation is abundant during the rainy season, which runs from April to October.
Liberia is rich in natural resources, including timber, minerals (such as diamonds, gold and iron), and marine resources.
Liberia has a large tropical forest cover, part of the so-called “Guinean rainforest”. However, the logging industry and other human activities have caused significant deforestation.
The capital of Liberia is Monrovia, which is also the largest city and the main economic center of the country.
Despite environmental challenges, Liberia has some national parks and nature reserves that protect its biodiversity. For example, Sapo National Park is one of the largest parks in the country.
Liberia faces significant environmental challenges, including illegal logging, loss of wildlife habitat and sustainable management of natural resources.

Climate –
Most of Liberia has a humid tropical climate with high temperatures and heavy rainfall throughout the year. The traditional seasons of temperate regions, such as summer and winter, are not as pronounced in this area.
Average temperatures range from 26°C to 32°C throughout the year. Higher temperatures are common in the interior regions of the country, while coastal areas tend to be slightly cooler due to the proximity of the ocean.
Liberia receives heavy rainfall, especially in the rainy season, which runs from April to October. During this season, the rains are frequent and heavy, often causing flooding and drainage problems.
The dry season occurs from November to March, when the rains decrease significantly or cease completely. However, even during this season, it is still possible to have occasional showers or short showers.
Humidity is generally high throughout the year, especially in coastal regions, due to the presence of the ocean and abundant rainfall.
Liberia can be affected by hurricanes during the hurricane season, which runs from June to November. While the country is not always directly affected by hurricanes, it can suffer the consequences of tropical storms, such as high winds and torrential rains.
These climatic characteristics make Liberia a lush and heavily vegetated region, with dense rainforest covering much of its territory. However, the humid climate and heavy seasonal rains can cause health and infrastructure problems in some parts of the country.

Liberia is characterized by a vast diversity of plant species thanks to its tropical climate and the variety of habitats present.
Liberia is known for its lush rainforests, which are among the largest and best preserved in West Africa. These forests are home to a diverse range of trees, including African mahogany, teak, okume, African caoba, iroko, and cedar.
Palm trees are common in Liberia and include species such as oil palm, coconut palm, dactylifer, raffia and other varieties of ornamental palms.
Liberia is rich in fruit plants, including bananas, pineapples, oranges, lemons, tangerines, papayas, guavas and many others.
The Liberian flora includes numerous plants used in traditional medicine to treat different diseases and ailments.
Due to the presence of rivers, lakes and wetlands, there are various aquatic plants, such as lotus, water lilies and other aquatic plant species.
In Liberia there are several ornamental plants, used to embellish gardens and outdoor spaces.
The country’s flora is extremely diverse and continues to be studied and discovered by botanists and researchers.

Wildlife –
Liberia is a country characterized by a great diversity of species, both of terrestrial animals and of those present in its waters.
Liberia is home to African forest elephants (Loxodonta cyclotis), a species of elephant that is smaller and more agile than their savannah cousins.
There are chimpanzees, intelligent primates that live in the dense forests of Liberia.
Though quite rare and endangered, lions occasionally roam regions of the country with less dense vegetation cover.
Several species of antelope, such as the duiker antelope and roan antelope, are common in the rural and forested areas of Liberia.
The pygmy hippopotamus lives in Liberia; this species of hippopotamus is found in fresh and stagnant waters of Liberia.
Liberia is home to a variety of colorful parrots, including the gray-bellied parrot and the blue-eyed parrot.
Liberia is home to several types of snakes, some of which can be venomous. For example, the king cobra and the puff adder viper.
On the Liberian coasts, you can find different species of sea turtles, such as leatherback turtles and green turtles, which come to lay their eggs on the beaches.
Crocodylus suchus also lives in this country, a marsh crocodile that can be glimpsed in these humid territories.
It is important to note that wildlife conservation is a key issue in Liberia, as some of these species are threatened or vulnerable due to illegal hunting and habitat destruction. Conservation efforts and the protection of natural areas are key to preserving this rich biodiversity.

Guido Bissanti

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