Stachydrine, whose term in the official IUPC nomenclature is: (2S) -1,1-dimethylpyrrolidin-1-ium-2-carboxylate is an alkaloid.
This substance also known as: proline betaine and betaine L-proline has a brute or molecular formula: C7H14ClNO2.
Stachydrine is an alkaloid present in the leaves of the common betonica (Betonica officinalis L.) and in the seeds of the alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.).
Stachydrine is generally isolated as a hydrochloride.
This substance is an amino acid betaine which is L-proline zwitterion in which both hydrogens attached to nitrogen are replaced by methyl groups. It plays a role as a food component, plant metabolite and human blood serum metabolite. It is an N-methyl-L-alpha-amino acid, an alkaloid and a betaine amino acid. It derives from an L-prolinium. It is a conjugate base of an N, N-dimethyl-L-prolinium. It is an enantiomer of a betaine D-proline.
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