The term cadinene refers to a series of isomeric hydrocarbons present in a wide variety of plants for the production of essential oil and having the molecular chemical formula: C15H24.
Cadinene takes its name from the English term for red juniper, which is cade juniper (Juniperus oxycedrus L.), whose wood produces an essential oil from which the isomers of cadinene were isolated for the first time.
Cadinene, as mentioned, is however contained in other species of the genus Juniperus as well as in other plants of different species.
Chemically, cadinenes are bicyclic sesquiterpenes.
Furthermore, the term cadinene has also sometimes been used in a broad sense to refer to other sesquiterpenes.
Due to the large number of known isomers, double bonds and stereochemicals, this class of compounds has been divided into four subclasses based on the relative stereochemistry in the isopropyl group and the two bridgehead carbon atoms.
Currently, however, the term cadinene is now used correctly only for compounds originally isolated from red juniper oil.
Warning: The information provided is not medical advice and may not be accurate. The contents are for illustrative purposes only and do not replace medical advice.