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Nutritional value of Lupine

Nutritional value of Lupine

Lupine (Lupinus L., 1753) is a genus of plants of the Fabaceae family within which we recall the white lupine (Lupinus albus L., 1753), to which the data in this sheet refer.

Characteristics –
Lupine is a plant native to northern Africa and the Mediterranean basin and is cultivated in various regions of the world for its edible seeds and its qualities as a forage plant.
It is an annual herbaceous plant that can reach a height of between 50 and 150 centimetres. It has an erect and branched stem, palmate leaves with green leaflets and papilionaceous flowers that develop in terminal spikes. The flowers are white with shades of purple or blue. After pollination, pods develop that contain the lupine seeds.
White lupine seeds are round in shape and can be white or light yellow in color. They are high in protein, fiber, starch, fat, vitamins (such as vitamin B and vitamin E), and minerals (such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium). However, it is important to note that the seeds also contain bitter alkaloids, which must be removed through a debittering process to make them edible.
The white lupine is mainly grown for its seeds, which can be used as animal feed, as a raw material for the production of oil and flour, or as food for humans after appropriate culinary processing to reduce bitterness . In some cultures, lupine seeds are also eaten as a snack or used in the preparation of traditional dishes.
In addition to its food value, the white lupine also has agricultural benefits. It is a leguminous plant that has the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen in the soil, thus enriching the earth with this essential nutrient. Additionally, the roots of white lupine help improve soil structure and prevent erosion.

Nutritional card –
Below is the approximate nutritional card for 100 grams of Lupinus albus seeds:
– Calories: 371
– Protein: 36.17 grams
– Fat: 8.76 grams
– Saturated fat: 1.04 grams
– Monounsaturated fat: 1.56 grams
– Polyunsaturated fats: 4.28 grams
– Carbohydrates: 37.7 grams
– Fibers: 12.1 grams
– Sugars: 1.74 grams
– Calcium: 97 milligrams
– Iron: 7.52 milligrams
– Magnesium: 210 milligrams
– Phosphorus: 600 milligrams
– Potassium: 1430 milligrams
– Sodium: 8 milligrams
– Zinc: 4.52 milligrams
– Vitamin C: 0 milligrams
– Vitamin B6: 0.48 milligrams
– Vitamin B12: 0 micrograms
– Vitamin A: 0 micrograms
– Vitamin E: 0.08 milligrams.
It is important to note that these values may vary slightly depending on the specific Lupinus albus variety and growing and cultivation conditions.

Property –
Lupine seeds such as viisto are rich in protein, dietary fiber, healthy fats, vitamins and minerals. They are a significant source of essential amino acids, including lysine, arginine and tryptophan. They are also relatively low in carbohydrates, making them suitable for low-carb diets.
– Source of antioxidants: Lupine contains antioxidant compounds such as polyphenols, which help protect cells from oxidative stress and free radical damage. Antioxidants are associated with several health benefits, including reducing the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and some types of cancer.
– Cholesterol reduction: The seeds of this plant contain phytosterols, which are substances that can help reduce the levels of LDL cholesterol (“bad” cholesterol) in the blood. This may contribute to better heart health and a reduction in the risk of cardiovascular disease.
– Potential hypoglycemic effect: Some preliminary research suggests that consuming lupine may help control blood sugar levels. Studies have highlighted a potential hypoglycemic effect of lupine seeds, which could be attributed to their high fiber and protein content.
– Benefits for digestion: The dietary fibers present in lupine seeds can promote good digestion and promote bowel regularity. Additionally, the high fiber content may contribute to a feeling of fullness, which could be beneficial for weight control.
It’s important to note that, as with any food, individual reactions can vary. Some people may be allergic to lupine seeds, so caution is advised if you are sensitive to legumes. Before making any significant changes to your diet or introducing any new foods, it is always advisable to consult a doctor.

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