Authors, Works, Publications and Bibliography that deal with issues on Sustainable Development or useful to deepen the subject.
“According to the definition proposed in the” Our Common Future “report published in 1987 by the World Commission for the Environment and Development (Bruntland Commission) of the United Nations Environment Program, sustainable development means a development capable of ensuring “The satisfaction of the needs of the present generation without compromising the possibility of future generations to realize their own”.
The concept of sustainability, in this sense, is connected to the compatibility between the development of economic activities and environmental protection. The possibility of ensuring the satisfaction of essential needs therefore entails the realization of an economic development that has as its main purpose the respect of the environment, but at the same time see even the richest countries adopt productive processes and lifestyles compatible with the ability of the biosphere to absorb the effects of human activities and developing countries grow in demographic and economic terms at a pace compatible with the ecosystem. The Rio Conference on Environment and Development (1992) and its follow-up.
– The concept of sustainable development was developed by the Brundtland Commission on the basis of two fundamental elements: the environment as an essential dimension of economic development and the inter-generational responsibility in the use of natural resources.
The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED, United Nations Conference on Environment and Development), held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, consolidated the principle of sustainable development through its formalization in the acts adopted at the end of the Summit: the Declaration of Rio on environment and development, Agenda 21, and the Declaration on the management, conservation and sustainable development of forests.
The notion of sustainable development was also accepted in the environmental treaties opened for signing in Rio: the Convention on climate change, which came into force in 1994, and the Convention on biological diversity, which came into force in 1993. More specifically, the art . 2 of the Biodiversity Convention contains the notion of ‘sustainability’, defining ‘sustainable’ the use of biological resources in a manner and at a pace that does not lead to a long-term reduction and which preserve the ability to meet the needs of present and future generations future.
The acts of Rio and the subsequent world conferences promoted by the United Nations, especially the Johannesburg Conference of 2002, confirm a configuration of the principle of sustainable development based on three interdependent factors: environmental protection, economic growth and social development. Starting from the UNCED, sustainable development has been consolidated as a principle of international law and has contributed to the evolution of international environmental law through the conclusion of global environmental treaties and numerous regional agreements.
Within the European Union, sustainable development is the foundation of the Union’s environmental actions and policies (Environment. European Union law) “.