2030 Agenda – Goal 12
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Goal 12 of the 2030 Agenda program is to promote the implementation of the UN’s ten-year program for a sustainable consumption and production model, through an environmentally friendly approach to chemicals and waste. The volume of waste will have to be significantly reduced, among other things thanks to recovery. Food waste will have to be halved. Businesses must be encouraged to conduct sustainable business management. Furthermore, public purchases will have to refer to sustainability criteria.
To date, the resources consumed by the world population are more than the ecosystems are able to provide. In order for social and economic development to take place within a framework of sustainability, our society will have to radically change its way of producing and consuming goods.
12.1: Implement the Ten-Year Framework of Programs for Sustainable Consumption and Production, involving all countries, with developed countries at the helm, but also taking into account the development and capacities of developing countries.
12.2: By 2030, achieve sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources.
12.3: By 2030, halve global food waste per capita at the retail and consumer level and reduce food losses across production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses.
12.4: By 2020, achieve eco-friendly management of chemicals and all waste throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release into air, water and soil to minimize their negative impact on human health and the environment.
12.5: By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse.
12.6: Encourage businesses, especially large multinational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and integrate sustainability information into their annual reports.
12.7: Promote sustainable public procurement practices, in accordance with national policies and priorities.
12.8: By 2030, make sure that all people, everywhere in the world, have the relevant information and the right awareness of sustainable development and a lifestyle in harmony with nature.
12.a: Support developing countries in strengthening their scientific and technological capacities, to achieve more sustainable consumption and production models.
12.b: Develop and implement tools to monitor the impacts of sustainable development for sustainable tourism, which creates jobs and promotes local culture and products.
12.c: Rationalize inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that encourage waste by eliminating market distortions in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation systems and phasing out those harmful subsidies, if any, to reflect their impact environmental, taking into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible negative effects on their development, so as to protect the poor and the most affected communities.
The core of this objective obviously lies in the total implementation of the Circular Economy system.