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How to make a lawn in the garden

How to make a lawn in the garden

The realization of the lawn in the garden is often a dream that remains such both for lack of correct information and for the belief that it is a complicated thing.
This little guide (for lawns for non-sporting use) gives you the most necessary indications to carry it out with your own means.
The first thing to do is understand what space you have available and then understand for the next steps the kind of commitment and care that will be needed. At this point the nature of your land must be verified; the lawns (for non-sporting use) can be made on the same ground as your garden, provided that the texture is of a medium mixture tending to sandy. The reason is due to the fact that these meadows do not have stagnation problems and are more walkable. A well-sunny area is preferable.

If the soil is not suitable, you must make siliceous sand for at least 10 cm of height (so make the calculation of the cubic meters required). As for fertilization, before the plant, you can use organic fertilizers packaged and sterilized for lawn (if you add the sand you can mix it with organic fertilizer).
Before the installation, the ground must be perfectly leveled (or else leave undulating areas to have a golf effect), possibly rolled and completely rock-covered (the stones are an obstacle for the subsequent stages of shearing and other operations).
For sowing we recommend the mixtures already prepared based on fescue, poa and loietto; normally they are the ones that have the fastest growth rate (thanks to the ryegrass) and the greater resistance thanks to the poa and above all to the fescue. These blends are also suitable for areas in the south where there is still the belief that the meadows can only be made with the so-called gramignone. It is clear that if you do not have enough water for irrigation everything becomes more difficult (even the lawn made with gramignone).
The recommended quantity of seed is around 50 gr / mq (therefore 5 Kg per 100 mq).
The sowing should be broadcast (preferably not in the summer and in the coldest winter periods), in non-windy hours, and immediately covered with a mixture previously prepared with earth (or sand) and organic fertilizer but richer in s.o. (even 10%, do not go further because otherwise you can form superficial mold).
At this point the rolling or constipation is repeated and irrigation is immediately carried out. Keep in mind that the first days the soil must remain moist and after the germination irrigation should be done twice a day (in the morning and at dusk).
After almost a week (depending on the temperature) you will see your ground become a light green color; it’s your lawn that starts growing. To make the first shearing you will have to wait until the lawn has reached about 10 cm, then you can lower the cut up to 5-8 cm according to your liking.
For the next fertilization we recommend the slow-release organic fertilizers (never put synthetic fertilizers) according to the quantities contained in the packages. The only luxury that you can afford is to add occasionally (once a year) of the iron chelate on the lawn (also here follow the directions carefully), you will get a beautiful green lawn with blue reflections.
As far as the most frequent pathologies of the meadows are concerned, these are represented by the rusts and by some radial rot (fungi); if you do not exceed with water, with organic fertilizers and periodically cleaned the lawn with a special rake, you will not have any particular problems.
The most important warning is that the sheared grass is removed from the lawn area as it is this that can represent receptacle and vehicle of the aforementioned mushrooms.

Guido Bissanti

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