Panzerina lanata

Panzerina lanata

Panzerina lanata (Panzerina lanata (L.) Soják) is a perennial herbaceous species belonging to the Lamiaceae family.

Systematics –
From a systematic point of view it belongs to:
Eukaryota Domain,
Kingdom Plantae,
Subarign Tracheobionta,
Spermatophyta superdivision,
Magnoliophyta Division,
Magnoliopsida class,
Subclass Asteridae,
Lamiales Order,
Lamiaceae family,
Genus Panzerina,
P. lanata species.
The terms are synonymous:
– Ballota lanata L .;
– Leonuroides alaschanica (Kuprian.) Rauschert;
– Leonuroides albescens (Kuprian.) Rauschert;
– Leonuroides argyracea (Kuprian.) Rauschert;
– Leonuroides kansuensis (C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li) Rauschert;
– Leonuroides lanata (L.) Rauschert;
– Leonuroides parviflora (C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li) Rauschert;
– Leonurus lanatus (L.) Pers .;
– Panzeria alaschanica Kuprian .;
– Panzeria albescens Kuprian .;
– Panzeria argyracea Kuprian .;
– Panzeria kansuensis C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li;
– Panzeria lanata (L.) Bunge;
– Panzeria lanata var. albescens (Kuprian.) Krestovsk .;
– Panzeria lanata f. kansuensis (C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li) Krestovsk .;
– Panzeria lanata var. parviflora (C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li) Krestovsk .;
– Panzeria parviflora C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li;
– Panzeria tomentosa Moench;
– Panzerina argyracea (Kuprian.) Doronkin;
– Panzerina lanata var. alaschanica (Kuprian.) H.W.Li;
– Panzerina lanata f. alaschanica (Kuprian.) Krestovsk .;
– Panzerina lanata var. albescens (Kuprian.) H.W.Li;
– Panzerina lanata var. argyracea (Kuprian.) H.W.Li;
– Panzerina lanata subsp. argyracea (Kuprian.) Krestovsk .;
– Panzerina lanata f. kansuensis (C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li) Krestovsk .;
– Panzerina lanata var. parviflora (C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li) H.W.Li.

Etymology –
The term Panzerina is of little known origin.
The specific woolen epithet comes from lána lana: woolly, tomentose as a plant completely covered with white tomentose hair.

Geographic Distribution and Habitat –
Panzerina lanata is a perennial herbaceous plant native to an area between northwestern China and Siberia, where it is widely distributed. It is present in Mongolia, Xinjiang, Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, the Republic of Altai, Chita, Tuva, Buryatiya, Irkutsk.
Its habitat is that of arid areas and stony and sandy desert steppes between 900 and 2700 m. s.l.m ..

Description –
Panzerina lanata is a plant completely covered with white tomentose hair, with erect or ascending stems, simple or branched, solitary or numerous, 10-30 cm long. The leaves, like the whole plant, are densely tomentose with whitish colouration, with a pubescence which completely masks the glands, except the upper side; they are rounded in shape, 2-6 cm in diameter, with 3-5 pinnately dissected lobes; vertically arranged at the apex of stems and branches.
The flowers are carried in spaced whorls, forming terminal inflorescences with a loose raceme; the bracts are awl-shaped; the calyx is 15 mm long, woolly tomentose, with 3-5 / 6 / mm long teeth, and acute apex; the corolla is yellowish-white, 30-35 mm long, with long hairs.
Flowering is between July and September.
The fruits have the shape of small 2-3mm nuts.

Cultivation –
Panzerina lanata is a plant that normally grows on pebbly and stony slopes, feet of rocks, scree, sides and bottom of dry torrent valleys in the steppe and desert areas.
It can be grown in similar climatic conditions also for ornamental purposes but it is a plant that is grazed in the areas of origin.

Customs and Traditions –
Panzerina lanata is a plant used in the traditional medicine of peoples where the plant is naturally spread.
The entire herbaceous part of the plant is used and is used for the treatment of stomach, intestinal and gynecological diseases in some areas such as in Tibet.
The aerial parts of this plant contain an essential oil that is rich in monoterpenoids (64.2%), of which camphor (14.4%), α-pinene (11.3%), terpinenol-4 (5.3%) predominates. %) and 1,8-cineole (2.6%). β-caryophyllene (3.5%), β-humulene (3.2%), spatulenol (2.6%), -bourbonene (2.2%) are the main components of the sesquiterpen class of compounds.

Preparation Method –
Panzerina lanata is a plant from which the aerial parts are collected and from which infusions and decoctions are prepared.
The essential oil of this plant can have pharmaceutical uses due to the presence of monoterpenoids and sesquiterpenes.

Guido Bissanti

Sources
– Acta Plantarum – Flora of the Italian Regions.
– Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
– Useful Tropical Plants Database.
– Conti F., Abbate G., Alessandrini A., Blasi C. (ed.), 2005. An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore.
– Pignatti S., 1982. Flora of Italy, Edagricole, Bologna.
– Treben M., 2000. Health from the Lord’s Pharmacy, Advice and experiences with medicinal herbs, Ennsthaler Editore.

Warning: Pharmaceutical applications and alimurgical uses are indicated for informational purposes only, they do not represent in any way a medical prescription; therefore no responsibility is taken for their use for curative, aesthetic or food purposes.




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