How Spearmint reproduces, garden mint,

How Spearmint reproduces

The spearmint (Mentha spicata L., 1753) is a herbaceous perennial plant of the Lamiaceae family.
This plant is native to Mediterranean Europe and is widespread throughout the Italian territory, from the plain up to 1,200 meters above sea level.
The spearmint like all plants belonging to the Mentha species have very similar cultivation and reproduction techniques.
As for the cultivation technique, please refer to the specific sheet, furthermore this plant can be grown in pots or in full earth; as far as reproduction is concerned, the methods used in this context are indicated.

Propagation –
The propagation of Mentha spicata can take place both by seed and by tip cutting or by planting pieces of rooted stolons.
The most suitable propagation period is always that of spring for sowing while it is necessary to wait, preferably, that of May for the tip cuttings and for the use of tufts with parts of stolons.
In any case, the plant should be irrigated frequently for the first 10-15 days until it has germinated or has emitted the first shoots. During this period, it is advisable to shade the seedbeds or reproduction areas to minimize evapotranspiration. When irrigating, it is always recommended to keep the soil moist but not subject it to water stagnation.
The optimal substrate is that consisting of equal parts of sand and peat.

Collection and storage –
Mentha spicata uses the leaves and flowering tops that can be used fresh or dried in a shady and ventilated place. It is also advisable to store away from light and dry.

Use in the kitchen and therapeutic properties –
The very aromatic leaves of Spearmint are used to give flavor to salads, omelettes, desserts, sauces, ice creams and fruit salads. Also widely used in the preparation of liqueurs and syrups.
Therapeutic properties: expectorant, digestive, tonic-stimulating, antispasmodic. For external use, as a deodorant and antiseptic of the oral cavity.




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