In botany, the term anthocarp refers to the fruit that derives from the union of the pericarp with other floral parts that develop further after fertilization, providing the fruit with useful structures for dissemination.
The anthocarp is a fruiting formation typical of gymnosperms. The pine cone (firs, pines, etc.), the galbulo of the cypresses, the strobilus of the thuie and libocedra, the aril of the yew and the pseudodrupa of the ginkgo belong to the group of anthocarps.
The anthocarp is also the false fruit derived in Nyctaginaceae from the lower part of the perigonum, which hardens and hides the real fruit.
The Nyctaginaceae are a family of plants of the order of Caryophyllales, to which are ascribed, among other species, ormanental plants such as Bougainvillea and Mirabilis jalapa.
Among the simple anthocarps we find: Pomo, Trima, Diclesio, Ghianda, Cipsela, Antecio.
The anthocarp is also called synanthcarp.