How pineapple propagates
Pineapple or pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.) Is a plant of the Bromeliaceae family, native to South America and in particular to Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay.
As with many plants, there are also different varieties for Anans that differ in their thorny or not thorny leaves, in the size and shape of the fruit, in the more or less sweet or acidic flavor.
Among the most renowned varieties we mention: Abacà, Black and Red Jamaica, Cayenne with or without thorns, Green and Red Ripley, Puerto Rico, Red Spanish.
As for the cultivation technique, which is referred to in the following sheet, in some countries it is grown at sea level, in others up to considerable heights. It does not need deep soils (but they must be well drained) as the roots are superficial. It needs a constantly hot climate and suffers from drops in temperature.
In this contribution we will clarify in detail the pineapple propagation and multiplication technique.
Let’s say immediately that the plant multiplies by means of the castings or suckers that are produced at the base or the buds of the crown of the fruit.
Multiplication by suckers –
In this technique, in the spring period, the suckers that form at the base of the mother plant with all the roots can be taken. Each sucker must therefore be placed in a single pot in a soil composed of two parts of organic earth and one of sand.
Once planted, it is cultivated as for adult plants. It should be remembered that the suckers bloom after about two to two years.
Multiplication by tuft of leaves –
In this technique it is specified that the tuft of leaves can be taken from the pineapple and put it to root. This technique consists in cutting the tuft of leaves from a large pineapple fruit; this must be healthy and fresh and the cut must be made with a sharp knife. Subsequently, the lower leaves are eliminated and the tuft is placed in a jar so that the base touches the surface of the water to take it to root. During the rooting period it is necessary to keep the water level always constant so this must be checked daily.
After a period of 1-2 weeks we will see the first roots appear. At this point it is necessary to wait for these to reach a length of about two centimeters after which the transplantation into a pot can be carried out, always taking care to place a draining rubble at the base of this; alternatively it can be transplanted into the ground and this must have an excellent drainage but also a good supply of organic matter.
As an alternative to this multiplication system, after cutting the tuft of leaves, the base is left to dry for 5-6 days. After which it rests on the surface of a moist soil and keeps the soil constantly moist by placing it in an area with temperatures around 22 ° C and in an environment with a lot of light.