List of Officinal Plants I, J, K, L, M, N, O

List of Officinal Plants I, J, K, L, M, N, O

Normative Description

Letter A
Letter B and C
– Letter D, E, F, G and H
– Letter P, Q and R
– Letter S, T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z

Letter I – J – K – L – M – N – O

Ilex paraguariensis A. St. Hil., 1822 – Yerba mate – leaves
Illicium verum Hook.f. – Star anise – fruits, essential oil
Impatiens noli-tangere L. – Touch-me-not balsam – grass
Indigofera tinctoria L., 1753 – True indigo – leaves
Inula conyza DC. (Pentanema squarrosum (L.) D. Gut. Larr.) – Ploughman’s Spikenard – herb
Inula helenium L., 1753 – Elecampane – roots, rhizome and leaves
Ipomoea batatas L. – Sweet potato – tuber
Isatis tinctoria L. – Dyer’s woad – leaves, grass and juice
Jacaranda caroba (Vell.) DC. – Brazilian caroba tree – flowers and leaves
Jasminum officinale L., 1753 – Common jasmine – flowers
Jateorhiza palmata (Lam.) Miers – Calumba – roots
Juglans cinerea L. 1759 – Butternut – bark
Juglans regia L., 1753 – English walnut – pericarp, seed, leaves and buds
Jumellea fragrans (Thouars) Schltr. – Faham – leaves
Juniperus communis L. – Common Juniper – fruits, leaves, essential oil, young shoots
Justicia pectoralis Jacquin, 1760 – Tilo – grass
Kaempferia galanga L. – Galanga – rhizome
Khaya senegalensis (Desr.) A. Juss. – African mahogany – bark
Kickxia spuria (L.) Dumort., 1827 – Round-leaved Fluellen – grass and flowers
Knautia arvensis (L.) Coulter – Field scabious – flowers and leaves
Krameria lappacea (Dombey) Burdet & B.B.Simpson – Peruvian rhatany – root
Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lam.) Dandy – Carolina redroot – root
Lactuca indica L. – Indian lettuce – leaves
Lactuca sativa L. – Lettuce – leaves
Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl., 1930 – Calabash – seed
Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers., 1806 – Pride of India – leaves
Laminaria cloustoni Le Joly – Laminaria cloustoni – thallus
Laminaria digitata (Huds.) Lamouroux, 1813 – Kombu – thallus
Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamouroux (Saccharina latissima (L.) C.E. Lane, C. Mayes, Druehl, et G. W. Saunders) – Sugar kelp – thallus
Lamium album L., 1753 – White nettle – flowers, leaves and grass
Lapsana communis L., 1753 – Common nipplewort – leaves
Larix decidua Mill., 1768 – European larch – resin
Laserpitium latifolium L. – Broad-leaved sermountain – grass and root
Lasiosphaera gigantea Batch Ex Pers. (Calvatia gigantea (Batsch) Lloyd, 1904) – Giant puffball – sporophore
Laurus nobilis L., 1753 – Laurel – fruits, leaves and essential oil
Lavandula × intermedia Emeric ex Loisel. – Lavender – flowers, top, essential oil
Lavandula latifolia Medik., 1783 – Spike Lavender – flowers, top, herb and essential oil
Lavandula officinalis Chaix (Lavandula angustifolia Mill., 1768) – True lavender – flowers, top and essential oil
Lavandula stoechas, L. 1753 – French lavander – flowers, top and essential oil
Lawsonia inermis L. – Henna tree – leaves
Ledum palustre L. (Rhododendron tomentosum Harmaja, 1990) – Marsh Labrador tea – herb
Lens culinaris Medik. – Lentil – seed
Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Pegler, 1976 – Shiitake – sporophore
Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R. Br. – Lion’s ear – leaves, flowers and grass
Leonurus cardiaca L., 1753 – Motherwort – leaves, grass and flowers
Lepidium campestre (L.) W.T. Aiton – Field pepperwort – seed and grass
Lepidium latifolium L. – Perennial pepperweed – grass
Lepidium meyenii Walp. – Maca – roots and tubers
Lepidium sativum L. – Garden cress – leaves
Leptandra virginica Nutt. (Veronicastrum virginicum (L.) Farw.) – Culver’s root – rhizome
Leptospermum citratum Chall. (Leptospermum petersonii F. M. Bailey) – Lemon-scented teatree – top
Leptospermum scoparium J. R. Forst. & G. Forst., 1776 – Mānuka – leaves, bark, essential oil
Lespedeza capitata Michx. – Roundheaded Lespedeza – leaves, grass and top
Leucanthemum vulgare (Vaill.) Lam. – Ox-eye daisy – grass and flower heads
Levisticum officinale W.D.J. Koch, 1824 – Lovage – fruits, grass, leaves, rhizome and roots
Limonium narbonense Mill. – Sea lavender – roots and flowers
Linaria vulgaris Mill., 1768 – Common toadflax – grass and flowers
Linum catharticum L. – Purging flax – grass
Linum usitatissimum L., 1753 – Common flax – seed, oil, seed integument
Lippia citriodora Kunth (Aloysia citriodora Palau) – Lemon verbena – flowers and leaves
Lippia dulcis Trev. (Phyla dulcis (Trevir.) Moldenke) – Aztec sweet herb – flowers and leaves
Liquidambar orientalis Mill. – Oriental Sweet Gum – balm and bark
Liriodendron tulipifera L. – Tulip tree – bark
Liriosma ovata Miers (Dulacia inopiflora (Miers) Kuntze) – Muira puama – wood
Litchi chinensis Sonner – Lychee – seed
Lithospermum officinale L. – Gromwell – leaves, roots, demi and fruits
Lithothamnium calcareum Pallas – Calcareous lithotamnium – thallus
Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers. – Aromatic litsea – fruits
Lobaria pulmonaria (L.) Hoffm. 1796 – Tree lungwort – thallus
Lonicera japonica Thunb. – Japanese honeysuckle – flowers, stems and leaves
Lotus corniculatus L. – Common bird’s-foot trefoil – grass and flowers
Lucuma glycyphloea Mart-Eic. (Pradosia lactescens (Vell.) Radlk.) – Marmixa – bark
Lupinus albus L., 1753 and spp. – White lupine and species – seed
Lycium barbarum L., 1753 – GoJi – Fruits
Lycopodium clavatum L., 1753 – Club moss – grass and spores
Lycopus europaeus L., 1753 – Gypsywort – grass
Lycopus virginicus L. – Bugleweed – grass
Lysimachia nummularia L. – Moneywort – grass and roots
Lysimachia vulgaris L. – Yellow Loosestrife – grass
Lythrum salicaria L., 1753 – Purple loosestrife – top
Macadamia ternifolia F. Muell. – Macadamia – fruits and seeds
Macrocystis pyrifera (L.) C.Ag., 1820 – Giant bladder kelp – thallus
Magnolia officinalis Rehder & Wilson – Houpu magnolia – bark and flowers
Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt. – Oregon Grape – bark, fruits and roots
Majorana hortensis Moench. (Origanum majorana L., 1753) – Marjoram – leaves, top, essential oil
Malpighia glabra L. – Barbados Cherry – fruits
Malus domestica Borkh., 1803 – Apple tree – fruits and buds
Malva sylvestris L., 1753 – Common mallow – flowers and leaves

Mammea americana L. – Mammee – flowers, fruits, leaves, resin
Mangifera indica L., 1753 – Mango – fruits, leaves and pericarp
Manihot esculenta Crantz – Cassava – root
Maranta arundinacea L. – Arrowroot – rhizome
Marchantia polymorpha L. – Common liverwort – thallus
Marrubium vulgare L., 1753 – White Horehound – leaves, grass and flowers
Marsdenia cundurango Rchb.f. – Condurango – tree bark
Matricaria chamomilla L. – Chamomile – flowers, herb, ligule, essential oil
Medicago sativa L. – Alfalfa – grass and flowers
Melaleuca alternifolia (Maiden & Betche) Cheel, 1924 – Tea tree – essential oil, top
Melaleuca leucadendron L. (Melaleuca leucadendra (L.) L.) – Weeping paperbark – leaves, essential oil, flowers and bark
Melaleuca linariifolia Sm. – Snow in summer – summit
Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall. – Sweet yellow clover – flowers, grass and leaves
Melissa officinalis L., 1753 – Lemon balm – leaves, herb and essential oil
Melittis melissophyllum L., 1753 – Bastard balm – leaves, grass and flowers
Mentha aquatica L., 1753 – Water Mint – leaves, top, essential oil
Mentha arvensis L., 1753 – Corn mint – leaves, top, essential oil
Mentha x piperita L. – Peppermint – leaves, top, essential oil
Mentha spicata L., 1753 – Spearmint – leaves, top, essential oil
Mentzelia cordifolia Don. (Mentzelia scabra Kunth) – Anguratè – roots and top
Menyanthes trifoliata L., 1753 – Bogbean – grass and leaves
Mespilus germanica L., 1753 – Common medlar – fruits
Meum athamanticum Jacq. – Baldmoney – root
Michelia champaca L. (Magnolia champaca (L.) Baill. Ex Pierre) – Champaca – leaves, essential oil, flowers and bark
Mikania amara Wllld. (Mikania parviflora (Aubl.) H. Karst.) – Mikania parviflora – grass, root
Mikania guaco H. et B. (Mikania glomerata Spreng.) – Guaco – grass
Mitchella repens L. – Partridge berry – grass
Momordica balsamina Linneo, 1753 – Balsam apple – fruits
Momordica charantia L., 1753 – Balsam Pear – fruits and balm
Monarda punctata L., 1753 – Spotted beebalm – grass
Morinda citrifolia L. – Indian mulberry – juice, pulp, fruits
Morinda officinalis F. C. How – Indian mulberry – grass
Moringa aptera Gaertn. (Moringa peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori) – Ben tree – seeds
Moringa oleifera Lam., 1785 – Horseradish tree – seeds and oil
Morrenia brachystephana Griseb. (Araujia brachystephana (Griseb.) Fontella & Goyder) – crowned araujia – flowers, roots and juice
Morus alba L. – White mulberry – bark, roots, leaves and fruits
Morus nigra L. – Black mulberry – bark, roots, leaves, fruits and buds
Morus rubra L. – Red mulberry – bark, roots, leaves and fruits
Musa × paradisiaca L., 1753 – Banana plant – fruits
Myosotis scorpioides L. – Water Forget-Me-Not – flowers and grass
Myrciaria dubia (Kunth) McVaugh, 1963 – Camu-camu – fruits
Myrica cerifera L. – Southern wax myrtle – bark and fruits
Myrica gale L., 1753 – Bog myrtle – leaves and grass
Myristica fragrans Houtt., 1774 – Nutmeg – fruit, pericarp and essential oil
Myroxylon balsamum (L.) Harms – Tolu balm – balm
Myrrhis odorata (L.) Scop., 1771 – Sweet Cicely – herb
Myrtus communis L., 1753 – Myrtle – top, leaves, fruits, flowers and essential oil
Nardostachys jatamansi (D.Don) DC. – Spikenard – leaves, roots
Nasturtium officinale R. Br., 1812 – Watercress – grass
Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn., 1788 – Indian lotus – seeds and roots
Nepeta cataria L., 1753 – Catnip – grass and flowers
Nephelium lappaceum Lour. – Rambutan – seedless fruits
Nymphoides peltata (S.G. Gmel.) Kuntze, 1891 – Fringed water lily – grass
Ocimum basilicum, L., 1753 – Basil – leaves
Ocimum gratissimum L. 1753 – African basil – leaves
Ocimum sanctum L. (Ocimum tenuiflorum L. 1753) – Holy basil – leaves
Oenothera biennis L., 1753 – Common Evening Primrose – seeds and oil
Olea europaea L., 1753 – Olive tree – fruits, leaves, young shoots, buds, oil
Ononis spinosa L. – Spiny restharrow – grass and roots
Onopordum acanthium L., 1753 – Cotton thistle – grass and roots
Onosma echioides (L.) L. – Snake Onosma – leaves and roots
Ophioglossum vulgatum L., 1753 – Adder’s Tongue – grass and root
Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker Gawl. – Snake’s Beard – tuberous root
Ophiorrhiza mungos L. – Sarhati – root
Opopanax chironium (L.) W.D.J. Koch – Opopanax – rubber, resin
Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill., 1768 – Prickly pear – flowers, cladodes and fruits
Orchis mascula (L.) L., 1755 – Early Purple Orchis – tuber
Origanum dictamnus L. – Dittany of Crete – flowers, leaves and grass
Origanum vulgare L., 1753 – Oregano – leaves, top, essential oil
Orthosiphon stamineus Benth (Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq., 1858) – Java tea – leaves, grass and flowers
Oryza sativa L. – Rice – seeds
Osmunda regalis L. – Royal Fern – leaves and rhizome
Oxalis Acetosella L., 1753 – Wood sorrel – Leaves
Oxycoccus Palustris Pers. (Vaccinium oxycoccos L.) – Small cranberry – Fruits

Guido Bissanti





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