List of Officinal Plants D, E, F, G, H

Elenco Piante Officinali D, E, F, G, H

Descrizione e normativa

Letter A
Letter B and C
– Letter I, J, K, L, M, N and O
– Letter P, Q and R
– Letter S, T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z

Letter D – E – F – G – H

Dactylis glomerata L., 1753 – Cock’s-foot – fruit, grass and top
Daemonorops draco (Willd.) Blume – Dragon’s blood – fruits and resin
Daemonorops jenkinsiana (Griff.) Mart. – Daemonorops jenkinsiana – shoots
Daemonorops propinquus Becc. – Malayan dragon blood – resin
Dahlia pinnata Cav. 1791 – Garden dahlia – roots
Danais fragrans (Lam.) Pers. – Scented danaide – bark, roots
Daucus carota L., 1753 – Carrot – roots
Davilla rugosa Poir., 1812 – Bejuco colorado – leaves
Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl – Flixweed – seeds and grass
Desmodium adscendens (Sw.) DC. – Desmodium – leaves
Dianthus caryophyllus L. – Carnation – flowers
Dicentra canadensis (Goldie.) Walp. – Squirrel corn – tubers
Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh. – Dutchman’s breeches – tuber
Dicypellium caryophyllatum (Mart.) Nees – Brazil clove – bark and wood
Dioscorea alata L. – Purple yam – tubers
Dioscorea composita Hemsl. – Barbasco – rhizome
Dioscorea opposita Thum. (Dioscorea oppositifolia L.) – Chinese Yam – rhizome
Dioscorea villosa L. – Wild yam – root and rhizome
Diospyros kaki L.f., 1782 – Kaki – fruit
Diospyros virginiana L. – American persimmon – fruits
Diotis candidissima Desf. (Achillea maritima (L.) Ehrend. & Y.P. Guo) – Cottonweed – grass
Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.) DC. – Perennial wall-rocket – grass
Dipsacus fullonum L. – Wild teasel – roots
Dipterocarpus alatus Roxb. ex G.Don – Resin tree – balm
Dorema ammoniacum D. Don, 1831 – Ammoniacum – rubber and resin
Doronicum pardalianches L., 1753 – Leopard’s-bane – herb, roots
Doronicum plantagineum L. – Plantain-leaved leopard’s-bane – grass, roots
Dorstenia contrajerva L. – Snakewort – roots
Dracocephalum moldavica L. – Moldavian dragonhead – grass and flowers
Dracunculus vulgaris Schott – Dragon arum – rhizome
Drimys winteri J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. – Winter’s bark – bark
Drosera anglica Hudson – English Sundew – grass
Drosera intermedia Dreves & Hayne – Oblong-leaved sundew – grass
Drosera peltata Thunb., 1794 – Shield sundew – grass
Drosera ramentacea Burch. ex DC. – Sundew – grass
Drosera rotundifolia L., 1753 – Roundleaf sundew – grass and flowers
Dunaliella salina Teodoresco, E.C., 1905 – Dunaliella salina – thallus
Durio zibethinus L., 1774 – Durian – fruits
Durvillaea antarctica (Chamisso) Hariot – Cochayuyo – thallus
Dysoxylum loureiri Pierre – Marah-prao – essential oil
Echinacea angustifolia DC. – Narrow-leaved purple coneflower – grass and roots
Echinacea pallida (Nutt.) Nutt. – Pale purple coneflower – grass and roots
Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench – Eastern purple coneflower – grass and roots
Echium plantagineum L. – Purple viper’s-bugloss – oil
Eisenia bicyclis (Kjellman) Setchell (Ecklonia bicyclis Kjellman, 1885) – Arame – thallus
Elaeis guineensis Jacq. – Oil palm – fruits and oil
Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton – Cardamom – seeds and essential oil
Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim. – Siberian ginseng – roots
Elymus repens Gould. (Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. Ex Nevski, 1933) – Weed – rhizome
Epilobium angustifolium L. (Chamaenerion angustifolium (L.) Scop.) – Fireweed – grass
Epilobium parviflorum Schreb. – Hoary willowherb – grass
Equisetum arvense L., 1753 – Field horsetail – grass and buds
Equisetum fluviatile L. – Water horsetail – grass
Equisetum hyemale L. – Rough horsetail – grass
Equisetum telmateia Ehrh., 1783 – Great horsetail – grass
Erica cinerea L. – Bell heather – leaves and flowers
Erigeron canadensis L. (Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq., 1943) – Horseweed – grass
Eriobotrya japonica Thunb. Lindl. 1821 – Loquat – fruits
Eriodictyon californicum (Hook. & Arn.) Torr. – Sacred herb – grass, leaves and top
Erodium cicutarium (L.) L’Hér. – Redstem filaree – grass, roots, tops and flowers
Erodium moschatum (L.) L’Hér. – Musk stork’s-bill – grass
Eruca sativa Mill. (Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav.) – Rocket – grass and leaves
Eryngium campestre L. – Field eryngo – grass and roots
Eryngium praealtum A. Gray (Eryngium aquaticum L. 1753) – Rattlesnakemaster – root
Erythraea centaurium L. (Centaurium erythraea Rafn., 1800) – Common centaury – grass, flowers and top
Erythraea chilensis Pers. (Centaurium cachanlahuen (Molina) BLRob.) – Cachalangua – grass and flowers
Erythraea spicata Pers. (Schenkia spicata (L.) G. Mans.) – Schenkia spicata – grass and flowers
Erythroxylum catuaba A. J. Silva ex Raym. (Erythroxylum vaccinifolium Martius 1840) – Catuaba – bark
Eschscholzia californica Cham. – California poppy – grass, top, flowers and roots
Eucalyptus citriodora Hook (Corymbia citriodora (Hook.) K.D.Hill & L.A.S. Johnson) – Lemon-scented gum – bark, flowers, leaves, wood, essential oil
Eucalyptus globulus Labill., 1800 – Eucalyptus – flowers, fruits, leaves, wood, essential oil
Eucalyptus odorata Behr – Peppermint box – leaves and wood
Eucalyptus smithii RT Baker – Blackbutt Peppermint – leaves, wood, essential oil
Eucarya spicata Sprague-Sum. (Santalum spicatum (R.Br.) A. DC.) – Australian sandalwood – wood and essential oil
Eucheuma horridum J.Agardh, 1852 – Horrid Eucheuma – thallus
Eucheumatopsis isiformis C. Agardh) Núñez-Resendiz, Dreckmann & Sentíes, 2019 – Eucheuma isiforme – thallus
Eucheuma spinosum J.Agardh 1847 – Eucheuma spinosum – thallus
Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. – Dùzòng – sapwood and bark
Eugenia chequen Molina (Luma chequen (Molina) A.Gray) – Arrayán – grass and leaves
Eugenia uniflora L. – Cayenne cherry – bark, flowers and leaves
Euphoria longana Lam. (Dimocarpus longan Lour.) – Longan – seeds
Euphrasia officinalis L.s.l. (Euphrasia rostkoviana Hayne, 1825) – Eyebright – grass and flowers
Euphrasia stricta J.P. Wolff ex J.F.Lehm., 1809 – Drug eyebright – grass and flowers
Euterpe oleracea Mart. – Açaí – germ and fruit
Exostema caribaeum (Jacq.) Schult. – Caribbean Princewood – bark
Exostema floribundum Roem-S. (Exostema sanctae-luciae (Kentish) Britten) – Exostema sanctae-luciae – bark
Fabiana imbricata Ruiz & Pav. – Fabiana imbricata – folgie, grass and wood
Fagopyrum esculentum Moench, 1794 – Buckwheat – fruits, leaves and flowers
Fagus sylvatica L., 1753 – European beech – buds
Ferula assa-foetida L. – Asafoetida – gum and roots
Ferula galbaniflua Boiss-B. (Ferula gummosa Boiss., 1856) – Galbanum – rubber and resin
Ferula narthex Boiss. – Ferula narthex – rubber and resin

Ferula persica Willd. – Ferula persica – rubber and resin
Ferula sumbul Hook F. (Ferula moschata (Reinsch.) K. Pol.) – Musk Root – root
Ficus anthelmintica Mart. (Ficus insipida Willd.) – Ficus insipida – latex
Ficus benghalensis L., 1753 – Banyan – bark, fruits and latex
Ficus carica L. – Higo – leaves, buds and latex
Ficus cystopoda Miq. (Pseudolmedia macrophylla Trécul) – Lechechiva – bark
Ficus elastica Roxb. – Rubber fig – latex
Ficus religiosa L. – Sacred fig – bark, leaves, resin, seeds
Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim., 1879 – Meadowsweet – flowers, leaves, grass, roots and top
Filipendula vulgaris Moench – Dropwort – flowers, leaves, grass, roots and top
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. – Fennel – fruits and essential oil
Fomes fomentarius (L.) J. Kickx f., 1867 – Tinder fungus – sporophore
Fomes igniarius L. (Phellinus igniarius (L.) Quél. (1886)) – Willow bracket – sporophore
Fragaria vesca L., 1753 – Wild strawberry – fruits and leaves
Fraxinus excelsior L. – Ash – bark, leaves, buds
Fraxinus ornus L. – Manna ash – leaves and manna
Fucus serratus Linnaeus 1753 – Serrated wrack – thallus
Fucus vesiculosus L. – Bladder wrack – thallus
Fumaria officinalis L., 1753 – Common fumitory – leaves, grass, flowers and top
Galega officinalis L. – Goat’s Rue – leaves, grass and flowers
Galeopsis segetum Neck., 1770 – Downy hemp-nettle – grass, flowers and top
Galipea cusparia L. (Angostura trifoliata (Willd.) TSElias) – Angostura – bark
Galium aparine L. – Goosegrass – flowers and grass
Galium cruciata Scop. (Cruciata laevipes Opiz) – Crosswort – flowers and grass
Galium mollugo L. – False baby’s breath – top
Galium odoratum (L.) Scop. – Sweet Woodruff – leaves, grass, flowers and top
Galium verum L., 1753 – Ladys Bedstraw – flowers, grass and top
Ganoderma lucidum (Curtis) P. Karst. 1881 – Reishi – sporophore
Garcinia cambogia (Gaernt) Desr. (Garcinia gummi-gutta (L.) N. Robson) – Camboge – fruits, gum and resin
Garcinia mangostana L., 1753 – Mangosteen – fruit pulp
Gardenia jasminoides J. Ellis – Gardenia – flowers, fruits and roots
Garrya racemosa Ramirez (Garrya laurifolia Benth.) – Garrya laurifolia – bark, leaves
Gaultheria procumbens L. – Eastern teaberry – grass and leaves
Gentiana lutea L., 1753 – Great yellow gentian – roots and rhizome
Gelidium amansii J. V. Lamouroux 1813 – Umutgasari – thallus
Geranium maculatum L. – Wild geranium – grass, root and rhizome
Geranium pratense L. – Meadow Crane’s Bill – grass
Geranium robertianum L., 1753 – Herb-Robert – grass and flowers
Geranium rotundifolium L., 1753 – Round-leaved geranium – grass
Geranium sanguineum L., 1753 – Bloody crane’s-bill – grass
Geum rivale L. – Water avens – grass, roots and top
Glycine max (L.) Merr. – Soy – seeds, seed germ
Glycyrrhiza glabra L., 1758 – Licorice – root, rhizome
Gnaphalium uliginosum L., 1753 – Marsh Cuddweed – grass
Gossypium herbaceum L. – Cotton – down, root, seed
Gracilaria spp. Greville, 1830 – Gracilaria – thallus
Griffonia simplicifolia (DC.) Baill. – African bean – seeds
Grifola frondosa (Dicks.) Gray, 1821 – Maitake – sporophore
Grifola umbellata Pers. (Polyporus umbellatus (Pers.) Fr. (1821)) – Lumpy bracket – sporophore
Grindelia humilis Hook & Arn. (Grindelia hirsutula Hook. & Arn. 1833) – Hairy gumplant – grass and flowers
Grindelia robusta Nutt. – Great Valley Gumweed – grass and flower heads
Grindelia squarrosa (Pursh) Dunal – Curly-top gumweed – grass and flower heads
Guaiacum officinale L. – Roughbark lignum-vitae – resin and wood
Guaiacum sanctum L., 1753 – Holywood – resin and wood
Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. – West Indian – bark and fruit
Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) Schult. – Gymnema – roots, leaves and latex
Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino, 1902 – Jiaogulan – herb
Gypsophila paniculata L. – Baby’s breath – root
Gypsophila rokejeka Del. (Gypsophila capillaris (Forssk.) C.Chr.) – Desert Baby’s Breath – root
Haematococcus pluvialis Flotow, 1844 – Haematococcus pluvialis – thallus
Hamamelis virginiana L., 1753 – Witch hazel – bark, leaves
Haplopappus baylahuen J. Rémy – Bailahuén – leaves and grass
Harpagophytum procumbens (Burch.) DC. ex Meisn., 1840 – Devil’s claw – root
Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir. – Haronga – bark and leaves
Hedeoma pulegioides (L.) Pers. – American pennyroyal – leaves, essential oil, herb, flowers and top
Hedera helix L., 1753 – Common ivy – leaves
Hedychium coronarium J. Koenig, 1783 – Butterfly Ginger – flowers
Helianthus annuus L., 1753 – Common sunflower – leaves, ligules, seeds
Helianthus tuberosus L., 1753 – Jerusalem artichoke – tubers
Helichrysum arenarium (L.) Moench, 1794 – Common yellow everlasting – grass, flowers and top
Helichrysum italicum (Roth) G. Don, 1830 – Curry plant – grass, flowers and top
Helichrysum stoechas (L.) Moench 1794 – Mediterranean strawflower – grass, flowers and top
Heracleum sphondylium L. – Common hogweed – grass
Herniaria glabra L. – Smooth rupturewort – grass, flowers and top
Herniaria hirsuta L. – Hairy ruptureWort – grass and flowers
Hesperis matronalis L. – Dame’s rocket – grass and flowers
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. – Roselle – flowers
Hieracium murorum L., 1753 – Wall hawkweed – grass
Hieracium pilosella L. (Pilosella officinarum Vaill., 1754) – Mouse-ear hawkweed – grass
Hierochloe odorata (L.) P. Beauv. – Sweet grass – grass
Himanthalia elongata (Linnaeus) S.F. Gray – Thongweed – thallus
Hippophae rhamnoides L. (Hippophaë fluviatilis (Soest) Rivas Mart.) – Sea buckthorn – fruits and oil
Hizikia fusiformis (Harvey) Okamura (Sargassum fusiforme (Harv.) Setch., 1931) – Hijiki – thallus
Hordeum vulgare L., 1753 and other spp. – Barley – seed and seed sprouts
Humulus lupulus L., 1753 – Hops – strobilus
Hydrangea arborescens L. – Smooth hydrangea – rhizome
Hydrocotyle vulgaris L. – Marsh Pennywort – grass
Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine – Shoolmordon – leaves, roots, seeds
Hymenaea courbaril L. – Courbaril – bark and resin
Hypericum perforatum L. – Perforate St John’s-wort – flowers, grass and top
Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. – Pignut, – grass and flowers
Hyssopus officinalis L. – Hyssop – grass and top





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