Gadoleic acid or cis-9-eicosenoic acid, whose term in the official IUPAC nomenclature is: acid (Z) -icosa-9-enoico and whose brute or molecular formula is: C20H38O2, is a monounsaturated fatty acid with 20 atoms of carbon and a double cis bond in position 9.
Gadoleic acid is a monounsaturated fatty acid (a cis double bond, from the methyl end is in omega-11 (ω-11) or n-11 therefore in shorthand it is referred to as 20: 1n-11) component of the subgroup of the ” very long chain fatty acids “(from 20 carbon atoms onwards).
Gadoleic acid was first discovered in 1906 in cod liver oil from Bull H. while the structure was clarified by Takano M. in 1933.
Gadoleic acid as well as in cod liver oil and other fish that feed on crustaceans is present in the triglycerides and cyanolipids of some sapindaceae of the genus Paullinia. In small quantities it is also present in rapeseed oil, pumpkin seed oil and sesame seed oil.
Warning: The information given is not medical advice and may not be accurate. The contents are for illustrative purposes only and do not replace medical advice.