How to make a small henhouse without ASL permits
Making a small henhouse does not require large resources, both economic and technical, but it is necessary to think about the preliminary design and the manual skills and technology appropriate to the project.
As a first principle, know that the chicken coop should be built in an area well exposed to the sun to promote the deposition of eggs and the onset of diseases.
For the dimensions consider that for each chicken or hen you need about one square meter in the covered shelter and about 100 square meters of area for grazing (to avoid accumulation of dejections and salts that would damage soil and slopes). The hens, in fact, also adapt well to smaller spaces but for an eco-sustainable breeding we recommend these proportions.
To avoid problems with the neighborhood (especially for the smells) you have to calculate a reasonable distance (at least 10 meters) from the boundary wall with their properties. If the chicken coop described here is designed in wood and for a number of chickens or laying hens of less than 10, no permits are required to be requested from the ASL or the Municipality (except in the case of masonry and / or concrete structures for which you will have to follow the regular process between Civil Engineer, Municipality, etc.). The only precaution must obviously be to keep the chicken house in perfect hygienic conditions.
In the case of garden, wooden or metal chicken coops, these can be equipped with fences and other options that make them more comfortable for the welfare of the animals.
If you know how to work wood, then you can try to build it. To accommodate up to 10 hens we can hypothesize a henhouse the size of 180 cm side, 180 cm depth and 150 cm in height. If your land is well fenced there is no need to make additional fences to the henhouse, otherwise it should be provided a network of protection against intrusion of other animals (at least 2 meters high). For the base dig a depth of 30 cm and fill with ghia (coarse at the base and finer the remainder). The henhouse should be anchored to four wooden uprights (minimum size 7×7 cm and at least 2.50 m high, which are found in specialized timber stores) that will be impregnated with pitch or waterproofing materials and drowned in the ground (previously excavated) for at least 1.00 m and specially constipated.
To build a wooden chicken coop you will need to have wooden shingles for the construction of the roof (to be treated with ecological waterproofing for wood) and pre-calculated axles of dimensions (also treated with waterproofing). To give more comfort to the animals, both for the cold and the heat, you can isolate everything with isothermal panels that can be adapted and joined to the wooden structure and, to isolate the water from the best, place a slab over the henhouse to be fixed with special nails and then siliconised.
In one wall an opening will be provided which will represent the access door of the hens (as well as for the man in case of larger chicken coops) and other openings can be arranged with vasistas and air inlets especially useful during the summer ( as in the photo).
Inside the henhouse, at least fifty centimeters from the ground, the baskets or boxes with hay must be positioned to allow the hens to lay their eggs. At the same height, the stations must be positioned to allow the hens to sleep. Further up, in the same way, the rooster’s position must always be higher than the hens.
However, it should be remembered that for metal components these should be made of galvanized materials that do not rust. Finally, for the finishing of the henhouse it is advisable to use paints with non-toxic polyester powders that are safe for the animals.
At this point the henhouse is ready; you just have to get some good laying hens.